Alonso-Zarza, Ana María and Martín Pérez, Andrea (2008) Dolomite in caves: Recent dolomite formation in oxic, non-sulfate environments. Castañar Cave, Spain. Sedimentary Geology, 205 . pp. 160-164. ISSN 0037-0738
Official URL: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/sedgeo
Dolomite is a common mineral in the rock record but rare in recent superficial environments. Where it does occur, it is related to anoxic, sulfate-rich environments and microbial activity. The occurrence of some dolomite deposits in caves, however, indicates that dolomite formation is also possible in oxic, non-sulfate settings. Dolomite is forming at 17 °C and in oxic-vadose conditions on the host rocks and aragonite speleothems of the Castañar Cave, Cáceres, Spain. It appears as spheroids and dumbbells 50–300 μm in diameter that internally consist of micron-sized rhombic to rounded crystals. Initially this dolomite is Carich, non-stoichiometric and poorly ordered. Mg-rich solutions allow the precipitation of metastable Mg-rich carbonates, such as huntite. This soon transforms into this Ca-rich dolomite, which later “ages” to form a more stoichiometric dolomite. These dolomites show similarities to those grown under anoxic, sulfate-rich conditions and their presence in caves provides a different setting that may contribute to the understanding of the “dolomite problem”, including their initial formation and later recrystallization processes.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Dolomite, Caves, Huntite, Low-temperature, Recent, Castañar Cave, Spain|
|Subjects:||Sciences > Geology > Petrology|
|Deposited On:||02 Feb 2010 13:34|
|Last Modified:||30 Aug 2010 10:47|
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