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Integrating leadership behavior and climate perceptions in teamwork

Barrasa Notario, Ángel (2010) Integrating leadership behavior and climate perceptions in teamwork. Tesis PhD.

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Abstract

En el contexto de la Psicología de las Organizaciones y del Trabajo y en una línea de
investigación que analiza la dirección y el desarrollo de los equipos y los grupos de trabajo en las organizaciones, se está llevando a cabo un proyecto de investigación basado en un modelo de influencia del trabajo en equipo con consecuencias en la eficacia y satisfacción a distintos niveles. Se ha comprobado una influencia diferencial de distintas orientaciones del liderazgo de los equipos de trabajo: liderazgo orientado a la tarea, orientado a la relación y orientado al cambio, realizando especial énfasis en éste último, por su capacidad de predicción y por su novedad. Mediando el proceso de influencia del liderazgo en los equipos surge el constructor de clima de equipo, y específicamente el clima de innovación; y moderándolo, a su vez, la
potencia grupal, de forma que la influencia es mínima en unos equipos y máxima en otros en función de su nivel de potencia grupal. Asimismo se planifica analizar el trabajo en equipo en función de diferentes variables resultado como eficacia o satisfacción; en función de diferentes niveles homólogos de análisis: individual, grupal y organizacional; y en diferentes contextos organizacionales como el sanitario, informático o consultoría. La perspectiva de los jóvenes investigadores puede ayudar a desentrañar algunas incógnitas sobre conceptos nuevos y nuevas formas de organización del trabajo. [ABSTRACT]Organizations in nowadays with a changing environment need leaders who are able to analyze the situation, determine what pattern of leadership behavior is needed to influence processes that are relevant for work groups effectiveness. Literature on the topic of leadership rests on a two-dimensional model (the task-oriented and relation-oriented behaviors), and recently on new paradigms (transformational and charismatic leadership). The transformations currently affecting organizations require the design of team-based structures, a task for leaders seeking effective change management. The tri-dimensional model proposed by Yukl (2004) incorporates change among the conventional categories, making it compatible with the received literature, despite significant differences. The objective of this study is to analyze the impact of change-oriented leaders on team outcomes. Other aim of this study is to analyze the antecedents and structure of the hierarchical taxonomy of leadership behavior proposed, and its impact on team effectiveness. Confirmatory factor analysis and hierarchical regression analysis were carried out to test these hypotheses. Our results confirm these relationships in general. This study tested the predictions of the team climate for innovation model in explaining satisfaction and performance at group level. Organizational context specific data (N= 239 teams, 1099 individuals, from hospitals, public administration, and software company) were analyzed via multigroup structural equation modelling. To achieve this, we propose an explanatory model in which the team climate (in particular as it relates to innovation) represents the nexus mediating between change-oriented leadership and group outcomes, while group potency reinforces the relationship. The results confirm Results provided evidence supporting the proposed model, comparisons showed that the obtained associations were similar for the three different types of teamwork with invariance of factor loadings and factor variances. There were many organizational context differences in the model, mainly concerning error variances in latent variables, team climate means, and
explained variance for team satisfaction and performance in different teams.
The study discusses theoretical implications of this study, sets out some practical applications, and remarks some trends for future research.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Directors:
DirectorsDirector email
Gil, FranciscoUNSPECIFIED
Alcover de la Hera, Carlos MaríaUNSPECIFIED
Rico, RamónUNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords:Equipos de trabajo, Liderazgo
Subjects:Medical sciences > Psychology > Social psychology
ID Code:10496
Deposited On:23 Apr 2010 08:37
Last Modified:06 Feb 2014 08:44

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