Ruiz Pérez, Javier and Williams, Jean-Pierre and Dohm, James M. and Fernández, Carlos and López, Valle (2009) Ancient heat flow and crustal thickness at Warrego rise, Thaumasia highlands, Mars: Implications for a stratified crust. Icarus (New York, N.Y. 1991) , 203 . pp. 47-57. ISSN 1054-1381
Official URL: http://icarus.cornell.edu/journal/
Heat flow calculations based on geological and/or geophysical indicators can help to constrain the thickness, and potentially the geochemical stratification, of the martian crust. Here we analyze the Warrego rise region, part of the ancient mountain range referred to as the Thaumasia highlands. This region has a crustal thickness much greater than the martian average, as well as estimations of the depth to the brittle– ductile transition beneath two scarps interpreted to be thrust faults. For the local crustal density (2900 kg m3) favored by our analysis of the flexural state of compensation of the local topography, the crustal thickness is at least 70 and 75 km at the scarp locations. However, for one of the scarp locations our nominal model does not obtain heat flow solutions permitting a homogeneous crust as thick as required. Our results, therefore, suggest that the crust beneath the Warrego rise region is chemically stratified with a heat-producing enriched upper layer thinner than the whole crust. Moreover, if the mantle heat flow (at the time of scarp formation) was higher than 0.3 of the surface heat low, as predicted by thermal history models, then a stratified crust rise seems unavoidable for this region, even if local heatproducing element abundances lower than average or hydrostatic pore pressure are considered. This finding is consistent with a complex geological history, which includes magmatic-driven activity.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Mars, Mars-Interior, Tectonics|
|Subjects:||Sciences > Geology > Geodynamics|
|Deposited On:||07 May 2010 09:50|
|Last Modified:||07 May 2010 09:50|
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