Díaz de la Guardia Bueno, Carlos and Molero Zayas, José and Valadez, Patricia (2005) International Competitiveness in Services in Some European Countries: Basic Facts and a Preliminary Attempt of Interpretation. [Working Paper or Technical Report]
Official URL: http://eprints.ucm.es/10531
In spite of the increasing economic and social importance of services, the analysis of their international competitiveness is still in its very preliminary stages. The lack of adequate statistical information and theoretical background explains that backwardness. The aim of this paper is to contribute to a better understanding of competitiveness in services activities of European countries. To carry out this task the investigation is divides into two parts: the first consists of the classification of the competitive position of the economies along 1990-2001 according to the competitiveness matrix developed by the UNO and the World Bank. Secondly, a first attempt of interpretation is made by exploring the factors which can explain the different behaviour of the countries, giving an especial importance to elements related to knowledge incorporation. In both cases, three sub-sectors are considered: transport and communication, travel and other business services. Finally, a number of recommendations as well as future research topics are included in the conclusions.
|Item Type:||Working Paper or Technical Report|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Services, Competitiveness, Internationalisation, Knowledge.|
|Subjects:||Social sciences > Economics > World economy|
Social sciences > Economics > Economic development
|Series Name:||Working Papers|
Alcorta, L., W. Peres (1995), “Innovation Systems and Technological Specialization in Latin America and theCaribbean”, Working paper 9509, ECLAC/UNDP Regional Project RLA/88/039, United Nations University/Institute for New Technologies.
Archibugi, D., J. Michie (1994), “La internacionalización de la tecnología: mito y realidad”, Información ComercialEspañola, 726, p. 23-41.
Archibugi, D., S. Iammarino (1998), “Innovación y globalización: evidencia e implicaciones”, in J. Molero(coord.) (2000), Competencia global y cambio tecnológico. Un desafío para la economía española, EdicionesPirámide, Madrid.
Baker, P., M. Miozzo, I. Miles (2003), “The internationalization of European services: what can data on internationalservices tell us?”, in M. Miozzo, I. Miles (eds.), Internationalization, technology and services,Edward Elgar Publishing.
Butkeviciene, J., E. Díaz Benavides, M. Tortora (2002), “Services Performance in Developing Countries:Elements of the Assessment”, WTO Symposium on assessment of trade in services, 14-15 March.
Cowan, R., L. Soete, O. Tchervonnaya (2001), “Knowledge transfer and the service sector in the context ofthe new economy”, MERIT –Infonomics Research Memorandum series 2001-021, Working Papers in Economics.
Dee, Ph. (2001), ”Trade in services”, Paper prepared for conference on Impacts of Trade LiberalisationAgreements on Latin America and the Caribbean, IDB, Washington, November.
Díaz de la Guardia, C. (2003), “Competitividad de los PECO´s en el mercado de Europa Occidental. Perspectivacomparada con la economía española”, Economía Industrial, 345.
Elmeskov, J., S. Scarpetta (2000), “New sources of economic growth in Europe”, Oesterreichische Nationalbank,28 th Economics Conference 2000, The New Millennium – Time for a new economic paradigm?,Vienna, June.
Evangelista, R. (2000), “Sectoral patterns of technological change in services”, Economy, innovation andtechnology, 9, p. 183-221.
Fonfría, A., C. Díaz de la Guardia (2001), “El comercio manufacturero español en los mercados asiáticos: Unanálisis comparado”, in E. Fanjul, J. Molero: Asia: una nueva frontera para España, Editorial Com-plutense,Madrid.
Fonfría, A., C. Díaz de la Guardia, I. Álvarez (1999), “The role of technology and selected policies on competitiveness:a technology gap approach”, Working Paper, ICEI, UCM.
Karsenty, G. (1999), ”Just how big are the stakes?: an assessment of trade in services by modes of supply”,World Trade Organization.
Hair, J., R. Anderson, R. Tatham, W. Black (1995), Multivariate data analysis, Prentice Hall, New Jersey.
Hauknes, J. (1998), “Services in innovation – innovation in services”, STEP group report R-13.
Henten, A., K. E. Skouby (1999), “Internationalisation of services –implications of information and communicationtechnologies”, Working Papers in Economics.
Hoekman, B., C. A. Primo Braga (1997), “Protection and Trade in Services: A Survey”, Open Economic Review,8.
Hoekman, B., A. Mattoo (1999), “Services, Economic Development and the Next Round of Negotiations onServices”, Journal of International Development, 12.
Hufbauer, G., T. Warren (1999), “The Globalization of Services? What Has Happened? What Are the Implications?”,Mimeo.42
Laursen, K., I. Drejer (1997), “Do international linkages matter for international export specialisation?”,DRUID working paper, 97 (15).
Mandeng, O. (1991), “International competitiveness and international specialization”, Eclac Review, 45, December.
Mattoo, A., R. Rathindran, A. Subramanian (2001), “Measuring Services TradeLiberalization and its Impacton Economic Growth: An Illustration”, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 2655, World Bank,Washington.
Miozzo, M., M. Ramirez (2003), “Services innovation and the transformation of work: the case of UK telecommunications”,New Technology, Work and Employment, 18 (1), Blackwell Publishing.
Miozzo, M., L. Soete (2001), “Internationalization of services: A technological perspective”, TechnologicalForecasting and Social Change, 67, p. 159-185.
Molero, J. (2002), Innovación tecnológica y competitividad en Europa, Editorial Síntesis, Madrid.
Molero, J. (coord.) (2000), Competencia global y cambio tecnológico. Un desafío para la economía española,Ediciones Pirámide, Madrid.
O.E.C.D. Eurostat (2001), “OECD Statistics on International Trade in Services”, Paris.
O.E.C.D. (2001), “GATS: The Case for Open Services Markets”, Paris.
O.E.C.D. (2001), “Innovation and Productivity in Services”, Paris.
Patterson, P., C. Styles, L. A. Van Der (2001), “Determinants of Export Performance Across Service Types: AConceptual Model”, The University of New South Wales.
Primo Braga, C. A. (1996), “The Impact of the Internationalization of Services on Developing Countries”, Financeand Development, March.
Robinson, S., Z. Wang, W. Martin (2002), “Capturing the implications of Services Trade Liberalization”,Economic System Research, 14 (1).
Rubalcaba, L., J. Cuadrado (2001), “Internationalisation of service industries: A comparative approach”,Working paper 4/2001, SERVILAB.
Rubin Howard, A. (1999), Global Software Economics, Hunter College, Department of Computer Scienceand Rubin Systems Inc., New York.
Siggel, K. (2000), “Trade, foreign direct investment, and international technology transfer: A Survey”, TheWorld Bank.
UN-EC-IMF-OECD-UNCTAD-WTO (2002), Manual on Statistics of International Trade in Services, Geneva,Luxembourg, New York, Paris, Washington, D. C.
UNCTAD (2002), The tradability of consulting services and its implications for developing countries.
UNCTAD (2003), Information and communication technology development indices.
UNCTAD (2003), World Investment Report 2002.
Van Grastek, C. (2001), “Globalize Trade in Services: The Benefits for Consumers, Producers and Society”,The World Bank, Washington Trade Reports, Washington.
Wellenius, B. (2001), “Extending Telecomunication Service to Rural Areas –the Chilean Experience: AwardingSubsidies Through Competitive Bidding”, The World Bank, Washington Trade Reports, Washington.
White, D.S., D. A. Griffith, J. K. Ryans (1998), “Measuring export performance in service industries”, InternationalMarketing Review, London, 15 (3), p. 188.43
World Economic Forum, annual rapports, several years.
World Trade Organization (1997), “Economic Effects of Services Liberalization”, World Trade Organization,Council for Trade in Services, S/C/W/26, October.
World Trade Organization (1997), “A Review of Statistics on Trade flows in Services”, World Trade Organization,Council for Trade in Services, S/C/W/27, November.
World Trade Organization (1998), “Economic Effects of Services Liberalization:Overview of Empirical Studies”,
World Trade Organization, Council for Trade in Services, S/C/W/26/Add.1, May.
World Trade Organization (1999), “The Developmental Impact of Trade Liberalization Under Gats”, WorldTrade Organization, Informal Note by the Secretariat, Job 2748/Rev.1, June.
World Trade Organization (2002), “Symposium on Assessment of Trade in Services”, several paper, mimeo,Geneva.
|Deposited On:||27 Apr 2010 10:14|
|Last Modified:||06 Feb 2014 08:44|
Repository Staff Only: item control page