Dabrio, Cristino J. (1982) Sedimentary structures gerenated on the foreshore by migrating ridge and runnel systems on microtidal and mesotidal coasts of S. Spain. Sedimentary Geology, 32 (1-2). pp. 141-151. ISSN 0037-0738
The migration of ridge and runnel systems on mícrotidal coasts is a rather simple process starting with the formation of a rídge at the uppcr shoreface after storms and its mígration landwards until it welds onto fue berm. This results in an ideal sequence of structures which ineludes (from bottom to top): cross-laminated sands (runnel facies); cross-bedded sands with local discontinuity surfaces (ridge facies); and even-laminated sands (berm facies). Larger tidal tange and higher wave activity on mesotidal coasts induce a mote differentiated pattern. At early stages of accretion, the ridge is covered at high tide and éxposed at low tide. Swash accumulates a secondary bar of coarse sediment during low water that is removed snd incorporated in the slip face of the ridge by avalanching during rising tídes. At high tide, large amounts of finer sedíment are brought by waves and deposíted on top of the rídge and in the slip face, generating fining-upward sequences. Erosional low-angle discontinuity surfaces develop during falling tides. Within the runnel, longshore currents are strong enough to build up small megaripples with crests roughly normal to the shoreline and waves induce wave ripples with crests more or less parallel to the shoreline. At later stages of accretion, the ridge is submerged mainly during spring high tide. After the runnel has been filled up, a vertical growth of the new berm occurs associated with finíng-upward sequences due to decreasing energy and shoreward shíftíng of swash zones, during the transition from neap to spring tides. The resulting ideal sequence of sedimentay structures is larger and better differentiated than those described for microtidal and tideless coasts.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Microtidal coasts, Mesotidal coasts, Sedimentology, Spain|
|Subjects:||Sciences > Geology > Stratigraphic geology|
|Deposited On:||07 May 2010 11:01|
|Last Modified:||07 May 2010 11:01|
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