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Does a foreign subsidiary's network status affect its innovation activity? Evidence from post-socialist economies


Damijan, Joze P. y Kostevc, Crt y Rojec, Matija (2010) Does a foreign subsidiary's network status affect its innovation activity? Evidence from post-socialist economies. [ Working Papers; nº 06, 2010, ]

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A detailed questionnaire survey among 809 foreign subsidiaries in five post-socialist economies (East Germany, Poland, Romania, Slovenia and Croatia) is used to study determinants of innovation activity of foreign subsidiaries. Survey data comprise traditional firm innovation activity determinants and indicators of a foreign subsidiary status. Our findings demonstrate that foreign subsidiaries are relatively independent as far as innovation activity is concerned, while at the same time subsidiaries with better access to foreign parent companies R&D results are more likely to innovate. Important differences, however, are found in factors that determine product and process innovation: (i) subsidiaries that invest more in R&D exhibit higher probability for product but not for process innovation; (ii) acquisition of external knowledge and company size have significant and positive impact on on process innovation only, (iii) transfer of responsibilities from headquarters to subsidiaries and foreign investor being a MNE is conducive to process innovation; (iv) marketseeking motivation of foreign investors has a negative impact on product innovation status; (v) higher age of subsidiary is positive for its process innovation, i.e. a foreign investor needs some time to initiate innovation activities in a subsidiary.

Resumen (otros idiomas)

Una minuciosa encuesta realizada a 809 filiales en cinco economías post-socialistas (Alemania Oriental, Polonia, Rumania, Eslovenia y Croacia) ha servido de base para estudiar los factores determinantes de la actividad innovadora de las filiales extranjeras. Los datos de la encuesta incluyen los determinantes tradicionales de la actividad innovadora de las empresas así como los indicadores del estatus de la filial extranjera. Nuestros resultados demuestran que las filiales extranjeras son relativamente independientes en cuanto a su actividad innovadora, mientras que al mismo tiempo las filiales con un mejor acceso a los resultados de I+D de las empresas matrices son más propensas a innovar. Se encuentran, sin embargo, importantes diferencias en los factores que determinan los productos y los procesos de innovación: i) las filiales que más invierten en I + D presentan mayor probabilidad para la innovación en productos, pero no en los procesos; ii) la adquisición de conocimientos externos y el tamaño de la empresa tienen un impacto significativo y positivo únicamente en el proceso de innovación; (iii) la transferencia de responsabilidades desde la sede a las filiales y el hecho de que el inversor extranjero sea una empresa multinacional contribuye a la innovación de procesos; (iv) la motivación de búsqueda de mercados por parte de los inversores extranjeros tiene un impacto negativo sobre el nivel de innovación de productos; (v) una mayor antigüedad de la filial es positiva para su proceso de innovación puesto que un inversor extranjero necesita algún tiempo para iniciar las actividades de innovación en una filial.

Tipo de documento:Documento de trabajo o Informe técnico
Palabras clave:Transnational firms, Direct inversion, Networks, Innovation activity, Post-socialist economies.
Palabras clave (otros idiomas):Empresas transnacionales, Inversión directa, Redes, Actividad innovadora, Economias postsocialistas.
Materias:Ciencias Sociales > Economía > Integración económica
Ciencias Sociales > Economía > Economía industrial
Ciencias Sociales > Economía > Economía internacional
Ciencias Sociales > Economía > Empresas
Título de serie o colección:Working Papers
Código ID:10861

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