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A beach-ridge progradation complex reflecting periodical sea-level and climate variability during the Holocene (Gulf of Almería, Western Mediterranean)

Goy Goy, José Luis and Zazo Cardeña , Caridad and Dabrio, Cristino J. (2003) A beach-ridge progradation complex reflecting periodical sea-level and climate variability during the Holocene (Gulf of Almería, Western Mediterranean). Geomorphology, 50 . pp. 251-268. ISSN 0169-555X

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Abstract

Detailed mapping based on aerial photographs at various scales, analysis of morpho-sedimentary units, and radiocarbon
dating of the prograding beach-ridge complex of Campo de Dalı´as (Almerı´a) allow the differentiation of six prograding units.
These are called: H1, 7400–6000 cal BP; H2, 5400–4200 cal BP; H3, 4200–3000 cal BP; H4, 2700–1900 cal BP; H5, 1900–
1100 cal BP; and H6, 500 cal BP–Present. H-units are deposited during periods of high relative sea level and increased
sediment input to the coast. They are bounded by large swales or erosional surfaces associated with lower sea levels and
reduced input of sediment to the coast; these correspond to short periods of increased aridity inside the general arid trend
recorded in the Western Mediterranean since 5.4 ka. Changes in the flux of Atlantic superficial waters into the Mediterranean
Sea, and relative strength of the W/SW winds account for the recorded oscillations of relative sea level.
We deduce a decadal periodicity for the deposition of a beach ridge and the adjacent swale, and suggest that it is related to
fluctuations of the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) index and to variations of solar activity. The duration of H-units shows a
quasi-millennial periodicity punctuated by short (hundred years) episodes of reduced progradation or erosion representing
events of increased aridity likely to be related to Bond’s Holocene cold events.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Sea-level changes; Climate; Winds patterns; Radiometric dating; NAO
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Stratigraphic geology
ID Code:10862
Deposited On:17 Jun 2010 09:08
Last Modified:17 Jun 2010 09:08

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