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Government strategies to attract R&D-Intensive FDI


Guimón, José (2007) Government strategies to attract R&D-Intensive FDI. [ Policy Papers; nº 03, 2007, ]

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Competition among countries and regions to attract the R&D activities of multinational enterprises has increased substantially during the last years, but the strategies used by governments in this competition remain largely unexplored. This paper proposes a taxonomy of the main policy
instruments available to stimulate inward R&D-intensive FDI and presents the results of a comparative case-study of two European countries: Spain and Ireland. The main conclusion is that an efficient promotion of R&D-intensive FDI calls for a closer coordination between innovation policy and inward investment promotion, which are two policy areas that have traditionally operated rather independently from each other. In addition, inward investment agencies targeting R&D-intensive FDI are advised to reconfigure the scope of services they provide by placing more emphasis on after-care, since R&D-intensive FDI tends to be evolutionary rather than greenfield.

Resumen (otros idiomas)

La competición entre países y regiones por atraer las actividades de I+D de las empresas multinacionales ha aumentado sustancialmente durante los últimos años, pero no hay suficientes estudios sobre las estrategias utilizadas por los gobiernos en esta competición. Este artículo propone una taxonomía de los principales instrumentos políticos para estimular la IED intensiva en I+D y presenta los resultados de un estudio de caso comparativo de dos países europeos: España e Irlanda. La principal conclusión es que una promoción eficiente de la IED intensiva en I+D requiere una mayor coordinación entre las políticas de innovación y las políticas de atracción de la IED, que tradicionalmente han funcionado de forma independiente. Otra recomendación que emana de este estudio es que las agencias de promoción de inversiones que deseen priorizar la IED intensiva en I+D deberían reconfigurar la gama de servicios que prestan para pasar a centrarse en los servicios postinversión (o “after-care”), ya que la IED-intensiva en I+D tiende a ocurrir a través de un proceso evolutivo y no tanto a través de inversiones “greenfield”.

Tipo de documento:Documento de trabajo o Informe técnico
Palabras clave:R&D; FDI; Multinational enterprises
Palabras clave (otros idiomas):I+D; IED; Empresas multinacionales
Materias:Ciencias Sociales > Política > Gobiernos
Ciencias Sociales > Economía > Empresas
Título de serie o colección:Policy Papers
Código ID:11864

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