Biblioteca de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid

Including Disability into Development Cooperation. Analysis of Initiatives by National and International Donors


Mattioli, Natalia (2008) Including Disability into Development Cooperation. Analysis of Initiatives by National and International Donors. [ Policy Papers; nº 03, 2008, ]

Vista previa
Creative Commons License
Esta obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - No comercial.



Around 80% of the 650 millions persons with disabilities live in developing countries. It is acknowledged that poverty and disability are related through a vicious cycle. This paper considers the role of the disability dimension (needs and rights) within the framework of development cooperation and focuses on the importance of including disability in development strategies in order to achieve development goals. Lamentably only few donor countries consider disability at the moment of defining and programming their development cooperation strategies. In this research have been reviewed several disability-related initiatives undertaken by national cooperation agencies (USAID, DfID, NORAD, MFA, SIDA, DANIDA, GDDC and GTZ) and international organizations (WB, UN, IADB, ADB, UE). The aim was to identify best practices and to highlight main obstacles that have prevented cooperation agencies from implementing successfully inclusive development policies.

Resumen (otros idiomas)

Alrededor de un 80% de los 650 millones de personas con discapacidad viven en países en vía de desarrollo. Es evidente que pobreza y discapacidad forman un círculo vicioso. Este documento analiza el papel de los derechos y las necesidades de las personas con discapacidad en el contexto de la cooperación al desarrollo y defiende que, si se quieren obtener los objetivos de desarrollo, es fundamental incluir la discapacidad en estrategias de desarrollo. Lamentablemente son pocos los países donantes que consideran la discapacidad al definir y programar sus estrategias de desarrollo. En esta investigación se revisan varias iniciativas en el ámbito de la discapacidad implementadas por agencias nacionales de cooperación (USAID, DfID, NORAD, MFA, SIDA, DANIDA, GDDC y GTZ) y organizaciones internacionales (WB, UN, IADB, ADB, UE). El objetivo es identificar buenas prácticas y destacar los principales obstáculos que han impedido que las agencias de cooperación apliquen con éxito políticas de desarrollo inclusivas.

Tipo de documento:Documento de trabajo o Informe técnico
Palabras clave:Discapacidad; Derechos de las personas con discapacidad; Discapacidad y pobreza; Cooperación al desarrollo
Palabras clave (otros idiomas):Disability; Disability rights; Disability and poverty; Development cooperation
Materias:Ciencias Sociales > Economía > Cooperación económica
Título de serie o colección:Policy Papers
Código ID:11865

Asian Development Bank (ADB) (2000), Technical assistance for identifying disability issues related to poverty reduction Manila, Asian Development Bank, Asian Development Bank,

Albert B., Dube A.K., Riis-Hansen T. C. (2005a), Has Disability Been Mainstreamed into Development Cooperation?, KaR,

Albert B. (2005b), Mainstreaming Disability in Development: Lessons from Gender Mainstreaming, KaR,

Albert B. (2005c), Lessons from the Disability Knowledge Programme, KaR.

Albert B. (2004a), Is Disability Really on the Development Agenda? A Review of Official Disability Policies of the Major Government and International Development Agencies, KaR Disability Knowledge and Research.

Albert B. (2004b), Briefing Note: The Social Model of Disability, Human Rights and Development, KaR,

BarnesC., Oliver M., Barton L., eds. (2002), Disability Studies Today, Cambridge.

Ingstad B. (2001), “Disability in the Developing World” in lbrecht G. L., Seelman K.D., and M. Bury (eds), Handbook of Disability Studies, Sage, p. 772-92.

British Council of Disabled People’s International Committee (2005), Improving DFID’S engagement with disability, BCDP,

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) (2006), Disability and Development a Contribution to Promoting the Interests of Persons with Disabilities in German Development Cooperation, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH,

DfID, British Department for International Development (2007), How to note-practice paper, DfID.

DfID, Equity & Rights Team, (2006a), Disability Mapping Update 2006, DfID.

DfID (2006b), Disability Equality Scheme 2006-2009, DfID,

DfID (2005), Reducing Poverty by Tackling Social Exclusion, DfID,

DfID (2000), Disability Poverty and Development, DFID,

European Disability Forum (2003), EDF Policy Paper Development Cooperation and Disability, EDF 8863&lang=fr&langue=EN&namePage=library.

Elwan A. (1999), Poverty and Disability: a Survey of the Literature, World Bank, World Bank, Paper N.9932,

European Commission DG Development (2003), Guidance Note on Disability and Development for EU For EU Delegations and Services, European Commission.

Guernsey K., Nicoli M., Ninio A. (2006), Making Inclusion Operational Legal and Institutional Resources for World Bank Staff on the Inclusion of Disability Issues in Investment Projects, World Bank, INTLAWJUSTICE/Resources/LDWP1_Disability.pdf

Guernesey K., Lord J. et al. (2005), Inclusive Development and the Comprehensive and Integral International Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights and Dignity of Persons with Disabilities, International Disability and Development Consortium (IDDC).

Handicap International Christoffel Blindemission (2006), Making PRSP Inclusive, Handicap International.

IADB Inter American Development Bank (2004), Mandatory Operational Guidelines on Accessibility in Urban Development Projects with Universal Design Principles, IADB.

IDDC International Disability Development Consortium (2005), Inclusive Development And the Comprehensive and Integral International Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights and Dignity of Persons with Disabilities, Reflection Paper Contribution for the 5th Session of the UN Ad Hoc Committee, IDDC.

ILO, International Labour Organization (2002), Disability and Poverty Reduction Strategies How to ensure that access of persons with disabilities to decent and productive work is part of the PRSP process, ILO, Discussion Paper, employment/skills/ disability/download/discpaper.pdf

Inclusion International (2003), Into the New Millennium: Inclusion International's Millennium Development Goals, Inclusion International,

Lund Larsen K. (1999), From Charity Towards Inclusion: the Way Forward for Disability Support through Danish NGOs, Danish Council of Organizations of Disabled People.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs Denmark, DANIDA (2004), Inclusion of Disability Aspects in Danish Development Cooperation, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Denmark.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs General Directorate for Development Cooperation of Italy (2003), Guidelines for Italian Cooperation on Themes Concerning Handicaps, Ministry of Foreign Affairs General Directorate for Development Cooperation of Italy.

Mont D. (2007), Measuring Disability Prevalence, World Bank, SP Discussion Paper N.0706 World Bank, revalence.pdf

NORAD Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (2007), Evaluation Programme 2007–2009, NORAD

NORAD (2002), The Inclusion of Disability in Norwegian Development Cooperation: Planning and Monitoring for the Inclusion of Disability Issues in Mainstream Development Activities, NORAD.

NORAD (2000), Disability in Nordic Development Coperation Synthesis Report Prepared for the Nordic Conference, NORAD,

Nordic ministries (2005), Communiqué by Nordic Ministries of the Copenhagen Conference on the 25th ofAugust 2005, =items/3399/116.

SIDA Sweden Development Agency (2005), Children and Adults with Disabilities, SIDA Position Paper,

SIDA (2003), Sweden's Policy for Global Development, SIDA

STAKES National Research Development Center for Welfare and Health (2003), Lable Us Abel: A pro-active evaluation of Finnish development cooperation from the disability perspective, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Finland.

STAKES (1996), Disability Dimension in Development Action. Manual on Inclusive Planning, United Nations.

UNESCO United Nations Organization for Education Science and Culture (2003), Overcoming Exclusion through Inclusive Approaches in Education, UNESCO,

UNESCO (1995), Overcoming Obstacles to the Integration of Disabled people, sponsored report as a contribution to the World Summit on Social Development Copenhagen.

UNESCO (1994), The Salamanca Statement and Framework for Action on Special Needs Education, UNESCO

UNICEF, United Nations Children's Fund, (2008), The State of Worlds Children, Children Survival,

United Nations (2007a), Monitoring of the Implementation of the Standard Rules on the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities, Note by the Secretary-General,

United Nations (2006), Comprehensive and Integral International Convention on Protection and Promotion of the Rights and Dignity of Persons with Disabilities, United Nations,

United Nations (2007b), The Millennium Development Goals Report 2007, United Nations

United Nations (1993), The Standard Rules on the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities, UN,

United Nations (1982), World Programme of Action Concerning Disabled Persons, United Nations,

USAID (2005), Fourth Report on the Implementation of USAID Disability Policy, USAID,

USAID (1997a), USAID Disability Policy Paper, USAID

USAID (1997b), Policy for the Placement and Monitoring of Participants with Disabilities, USAID,

Wolfensohn D. (2002), “Poor Disabled and Shut Out”, Washington Post, December 3 2002

WHO, World Health Organization, 2001, International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF),

YEO R., (2001), Chronic Poverty and Disability, Chronic Poverty Research Centre (CPRC), Chronic Poverty Research Centre Background Paper No 4,


Depositado:16 Dic 2010 10:30
Última Modificación:13 Jul 2016 12:18

Sólo personal del repositorio: página de control del artículo