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Waste management from pulp and paper production in the European Union

Monte Lara, María Concepción and Fuente González, Elena de la and Blanco Suárez, Ángeles and Negro Álvarez, Carlos Manuel (2009) Waste management from pulp and paper production in the European Union. Waste Management, 29 (1). pp. 293-308. ISSN 0956-053X

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Abstract

Eleven million tonnes of waste are produced yearly by the European pulp and paper industry, of which 70% originates from the production of deinked recycled paper. Wastes are very diverse in composition and consist of rejects, different types of sludges and ashes in mills having on-site incineration treatment. The production of pulp and paper from virgin pulp generates less waste but the waste has similar properties to waste from the production of deinked pulp, although with less inorganics. Due to legislation and increased taxes, landfills are quickly being eliminated as a final destination for wastes in Europe, and incineration with energy recovery is becoming the main waste recovery method. Other options such as pyrolysis, gasification, land spreading, composting and reuse as building material are being applied, although research is still needed for optimization of the processes. Due to the large volumes of waste generated, the high
moisture content of the waste and the changing waste composition as a result of process conditions, recovery methods are usually expensive and their environmental impact is still uncertain. For this reason, it is necessary to continue research on different applications of
wastes, while taking into account the environmental and economic factors of these waste treatments.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:La versión definitiva online de este artículo está publicada en Waste Management, vol. 29, nº 1, pp. 293-308, 2009,doi:10.1016/j.wasman.2008.02.002 y disponible en www.elsevier.com
Uncontrolled Keywords:Waste management, Pulp and paper industry, Rejects, Sludge, Legislation
Subjects:Sciences > Chemistry > Chemical engineering
Sciences > Chemistry > Environmental conditions
Sciences > Chemistry > Waste products
Sciences > Chemistry > Paper industry
ID Code:11900
Deposited On:25 Jan 2011 12:42
Last Modified:06 Feb 2014 09:13

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