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Magmatic evolution of the Peñón Rosado granite: Petrogenesis of garnet-bearing granitoids

Dahlquist, Juan A. and Galindo Francisco, Mª del Carmen and Pankhurst, R.J. and Rapela, Carlos W. and Alasino, Pablo H. and Saavedra, Julio and Fanning, C.M. (1995) Magmatic evolution of the Peñón Rosado granite: Petrogenesis of garnet-bearing granitoids. Lithos, 95 . pp. 177-207. ISSN 0024-4937

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Abstract

Garnet is an uncommon accessory mineral in igneous rocks but is petrologically significant. The Peñón Rosado granite (469± 4Ma)
at Cerro Asperecito is an S-type granite that contains an unusual amount of magmatic garnet. Combined petrology, chemistry/
mineralogy and whole-rock geochemistry indicates that the magma was produced by partial melting of the surrounding
metasedimentary rocks and subsequent differentiation by fractional crystallization during emplacement, with garnet occurring
throughout the crystallization sequence. Three facies are recognised: PRG1 (SiO2=65.70%) represents cumulates, PRG2
(SiO2=70.88%) represents a differentiated melt, and PRG3 (SiO2=74.59%) a residual melt. The fractionation of Mn in garnet and
the proportion of garnet crystallizing are roughly controlled by the evolving composition of the different granitic facies.Geothermobaric
calculations reveal an initial crystallization temperature of 764°–792 °Cand a pressure of 5.9–6.0 kb, indicating that the parental magma
was emplaced atmiddle crustal depths (∼1920
km) in moderate–low magmatic temperature conditions.Major (CaO, Na2O,K2O) and
trace element (Rb, Sr, Ba) contents in the Peñón Rosado granite strongly suggest anatexis was the outcome of H2O-fluxed melting of
metagreywacke, with heat input from a major metaluminous suite. Our studies reveal that garnet formed by direct crystallization from
peraluminous magma in equilibrium with solid phases such as biotite and white mica.We confirm previous suggestions that zoning in
garnet is strongly temperature-dependent. Thus, magmatic garnets in granitic rocks crystallized above ∼ 700 °C have “spessartine
inverse bell-shaped profile” or are unzoned, whereas garnet exhibiting “spessartine bell-shaped profile” must be considered of
metamorphic origin (i.e., xenocrystic) or formed in very felsic magmas (SiO2=73–76%) crystallizing below ∼ 700 °C.
© 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:S-type granite; Partial melting; Fractional crystallization; Garnet zoning
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Petrology
ID Code:12023
Deposited On:17 Jan 2011 11:37
Last Modified:01 Sep 2011 11:56

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