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The Mesoproterozoic Maz terrane in the Western Sierras Pampeanas, Argentina, equivalent to the Arequipa–Antofalla block of southern Peru? Implications for West Gondwana margin evolution

Casquet, César and Pankhurst, R.J. and Rapela, Carlos W. and Galindo Francisco, Mª del Carmen and Fanning, C.M. and Chiaradia, Massimo and Baldo, Edgardo G. and González Casado, José Manuel and Dahlquist, Juan A. (2008) The Mesoproterozoic Maz terrane in the Western Sierras Pampeanas, Argentina, equivalent to the Arequipa–Antofalla block of southern Peru? Implications for West Gondwana margin evolution. Gondwana research, 13 . pp. 163-175. ISSN 1342-937X

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Abstract

The rocks of Sierra de Maz and Sierra del Espinal (Western Sierras Pampeanas) represent pre-Famatinian (Ordovician) basement. Isotope
compositions (Nd and Pb) of metasedimentary rocks and SHRIMP U–Pb dating of detrital zircons, combined with other geological
evidence, show that three parallel N–S domains can be recognized. The central Maz Domain contains pre-Grenvillian metasedimentary
rocks deposited between 1.2 and 1.6 Ga, that underwent Grenvillian granulite facies metamorphism and were intruded by mafic igneous
rocks and massif-type anorthosites. Metasedimentary rocks have high Nd TDM ages (1.7–2.7 Ga) and very radiogenic Pb (μ=9.8–10.2),
suggesting provenance from reworked early Proterozoic or Archean continental crust. The domains to the east and west of the Maz Domain
consist of three metasedimentary sequences with Nd TDM ages between 1.2 and 1.6 Ga and variably radiogenic Pb (μ=9.6–10.0). U–Pb
SHRIMP dating of detrital zircons, Nd TDM model ages and comparison with other data suggest that these sequences are post-Grenvillian,
i.e., Neoproterozoic and/or early Paleozoic.
The Maz Domain is interpreted as a suspect terrane similar to the northern Arequipa–Antofalla craton that forms the basement of the Central
Andes; both underwent Grenville-age orogeny and were probably once continuous along the western margin of Amazonia (West Gondwana).


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Sierras Pampeanas; U–Pb SHRIMP zircon dating; Nd isotopes; Pb isotopes; Gondwana; Grenville
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Petrology
Sciences > Geology > Geochemistry
ID Code:12093
Deposited On:27 Jan 2011 10:29
Last Modified:01 Sep 2011 12:02

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