Biblioteca de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid

The first hominin of Europe

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Carbonell i Roura, Eudald y Bermúdez de Castro, José María y Parés Casanova, J.M. y Pérez-González, Alfredo y Cuenca Bescós, Gloria y Ollé Canellas, Andreu y Mosquera Martínez, Marina y Huguet Pamiès, Rosa y Made, Jan van der y Rosas González, Antonio y Sala, Robert y Vallverdú Poch, Josep y García García, Nuria y Granger, Darryl E. y Martinón Torres, María y Rodríguez, Xoxé Pedro y Stock, Greg M. y Vergès, Josep María y Allué, Ethel y Burjachs i Casas, Francesc y Cáceres Cuello de Oro, Isabel y Canals i Salomó, Antoni y Benito Calvo, Alfonso y Díez Fernández-Lomana, Juan Carlos y Mateos Cachorro, Ana y Navazo Ruiz, Marta y Rodríguez Solorzano, Jesús y Rosell Ardèvol, Jordi y Arsuaga, Juan Luis (2008) The first hominin of Europe. Nature (London), 452 . pp. 465-469. ISSN 0028-0836

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Resumen

The earliest hominin occupation of Europe is one of the most debated topics in palaeoanthropology. However, the purportedly oldest of the Early Pleistocene sites in Eurasia lack precise age control and contain stone tools rather than human fossil remains1–5. Here we report the discovery of a human mandible associated with an assemblage of Mode 1 lithic tools and faunal remains bearing traces of hominin processing, in stratigraphic level TE9 at the site of the Sima del Elefante, Atapuerca, Spain6–8. Level TE9 has been dated to the Early Pleistocene (approximately 1.2–1.1 Myr), based on a combination of palaeomagnetism, cosmogenic nuclides and biostratigraphy. The Sima del Elefante site thus emerges as the oldest, most accurately dated record of human occupation in Europe, to our knowledge. The study of the human mandible suggests that the first ettlement of Western Europe could be related to an early demographic expansion out of Africa. The new evidence, with previous findings in other Atapuerca sites (level TD6 from Gran Dolina9–13), also suggests that a speciation event occurred in this extreme area of the Eurasian continent during the Early Pleistocene, initiating the hominin lineage represented by the TE9 and TD6 hominins.


Tipo de documento:Artículo
Palabras clave:Europe; Hominid; Atapuerca; Palaeoantropology; Spain; Sima del Elefante
Materias:Ciencias > Geología > Paleontología
Código ID:12216
Depositado:11 Feb 2011 10:37
Última Modificación:16 Sep 2015 10:02

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