García, Nuria and Arsuaga, Juan Luis and Bermúdez de Castro, José María and Carbonell i Roura, Eudald and Rosas González, Antonio and Huguet Pamiès, Rosa (2008) The Epivillafranchian carnivore Pannonictis (Mammalia, Mustelidae) from Sima del Elefante (Sierra de Atapuerca, Spain) and a revision of the Eurasian occurrences from a taxonomic perspective. Quaternary international, 179 . pp. 42-52. ISSN 1040-6182
Since the Early Villafranchian, the genus Pannonictis has been distributed in Eurasia from eastern China to the Iberian Peninsula.
However, most of the finds of this large-sized mustelid are scant and fragmentary, resulting in a proliferation of names and unclear
taxonomic history. Pannonictis pliocaenica and ‘‘Pannonictis pilgrimi’’ from Villa´ ny-Kalkberg are here considered as the same species, the
latter being a synonym. The Asian representatives are among the most robust and present some anatomical differences. The recovery of
new specimens from sites with well-known chronology and accurate stratigraphy is essential to clarify the taxonomic relationships among
the several Plio-Pleistocene Pannonictis species described. The Sima del Elefante (Atapuerca, Spain) finds play a relevant role. Pannonictis
nestii is a likely candidate as a last survivor of the genus, extending to the Late-Early Pleistocene. A review of the Eurasian occurrences of
Pannonictis is presented, together with an attempt to establish a geographic and chronological picture of this genus that undoubtedly
survived up to the Latest-Early Pleistocene. The Sardinian skull attributed to Enhydrictis ‘‘galictoides’’, is here placed as the only representative of this genus, and was likely confined to the Middle-Late Pleistocene in the Tusco-Sardinian paleobioprovince.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Sierra de Atapuerca; Pannonictis; Mammalia; Mustelidae; Sima del Elefante|
|Subjects:||Sciences > Geology > Paleontology|
|Deposited On:||15 Feb 2011 10:08|
|Last Modified:||29 Sep 2014 09:25|
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