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The Epivillafranchian carnivore Pannonictis (Mammalia, Mustelidae) from Sima del Elefante (Sierra de Atapuerca, Spain) and a revision of the Eurasian occurrences from a taxonomic perspective

Impacto

García García, Nuria and Arsuaga, Juan Luis and Bermúdez de Castro, José María and Carbonell i Roura, Eudald and Rosas González, Antonio and Huguet Pamiès, Rosa (2008) The Epivillafranchian carnivore Pannonictis (Mammalia, Mustelidae) from Sima del Elefante (Sierra de Atapuerca, Spain) and a revision of the Eurasian occurrences from a taxonomic perspective. Quaternary international, 179 . pp. 42-52. ISSN 1040-6182

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Official URL: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/865/description#description



Abstract

Since the Early Villafranchian, the genus Pannonictis has been distributed in Eurasia from eastern China to the Iberian Peninsula.
However, most of the finds of this large-sized mustelid are scant and fragmentary, resulting in a proliferation of names and unclear
taxonomic history. Pannonictis pliocaenica and ‘‘Pannonictis pilgrimi’’ from Villa´ ny-Kalkberg are here considered as the same species, the
latter being a synonym. The Asian representatives are among the most robust and present some anatomical differences. The recovery of
new specimens from sites with well-known chronology and accurate stratigraphy is essential to clarify the taxonomic relationships among
the several Plio-Pleistocene Pannonictis species described. The Sima del Elefante (Atapuerca, Spain) finds play a relevant role. Pannonictis
nestii is a likely candidate as a last survivor of the genus, extending to the Late-Early Pleistocene. A review of the Eurasian occurrences of
Pannonictis is presented, together with an attempt to establish a geographic and chronological picture of this genus that undoubtedly
survived up to the Latest-Early Pleistocene. The Sardinian skull attributed to Enhydrictis ‘‘galictoides’’, is here placed as the only representative of this genus, and was likely confined to the Middle-Late Pleistocene in the Tusco-Sardinian paleobioprovince.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Sierra de Atapuerca; Pannonictis; Mammalia; Mustelidae; Sima del Elefante
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Paleontology
ID Code:12242
Deposited On:15 Feb 2011 10:08
Last Modified:16 Apr 2015 20:41

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