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Heterogeneous metasomatism in cumulate xenoliths from the Spanish Central System: implications for percolative fractional crystallization of lamprophyric melts

Orejana García, David and Villaseca González, Carlos (2008) Heterogeneous metasomatism in cumulate xenoliths from the Spanish Central System: implications for percolative fractional crystallization of lamprophyric melts. Special publication - Geological Society of London , 293 . pp. 101-120. ISSN 0305-8719

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Abstract

The alkaline lamprophyres and diabases from the Spanish Central System carry a
heterogeneous suite of xenoliths including a group of highly altered ultramafic pyroxenites that
contain Cr–Mg-rich high-T hydrous minerals (Ti-phlogopite and pargasitic to kaersutitic amphibole),
indicative of modal metasomatism. The trace element mineral compositions of these xenoliths
show three patterns: type A xenoliths, with light rare earth element enriched clinopyroxenes
with high field strength element (HFSE) negative anomalies; type B xenoliths, with clinopyroxenes
and amphiboles with high incompatible trace element contents (large ion lithophile elements
(LILE), HFSE and REE); type C xenoliths, with relatively REE- and HFSE-poor clinopyroxenes
and amphiboles. These metasomatic signatures suggest the involvement of three different metasomatic
agents: carbonate, silicate and hydrous fluids or melts, respectively. These agents could
have been derived from the progressive differentiation of a CO2–H2O-rich highly alkaline magma,
genetically related to the Late Permian alkaline magmatism. Because of the original sub-alkaline
nature of the pyroxenite xenoliths, theymight have been formed originally as pyroxene-rich cumulates
associated with underplated Hercynian calc-alkaline basic magmas. Metasomatism as a result of
the infiltration of alkalinemagmaswithin these cumulatesmight explain the relatively high radiogenic
Nd composition of the altered ultramafic xenoliths.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Metasomatism; Xenoliths; Spanish Central System
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Petrology
ID Code:12371
Deposited On:08 Mar 2011 09:49
Last Modified:08 Mar 2011 09:49

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