Ochoa, M. and Arribas Mocoroa, José (2005) Diagenetic paths in the margin of a Triassic Basin: NW zone of the Iberian Chain, Spain. International journal of earth sciences, 94 . pp. 256-266. ISSN 1437-3254
Official URL: http://www.springerlink.com/content/103695/
Buntsandstein deposits generated in a slowly subsiding basin on the western margin of the Iberian Chain are represented by a stratigraphic succession of fluvial deposits less than 100 m thick (conglomerates, sandstones, and shales). Diagenetic processes in sandstones can be grouped as eodiagenetic, mesodiagenetic, and telodiagenetic. Eodiagenesis can be associated with Muschelkalk, Keuper, and probably early Jurassic times. Mesodiagenesis is probably related to Jurassic times. Diagenetic chemical reactions suggest a maximum burial less than 1.5 km and low temperatures (<120C). Patterns of porosity reduction by compaction and cementation suggest four diagenetic stages: (1) Loss of primary porosity by early mechanical compaction; (2) early cementation (Kfeldspar and dolomite); (3) dissolution of cements; and (4) framework collapse by re-compaction. These stages are manifested by the presence of two types of sandstone. Type I sandstones present high intergranular volume (mean, 30%). Type II sandstones are characterized by high compactional porosity loss and exhibit low values of intergranular volume (mean, 16.9%). Type II sandstones are associated with the dissolution of cement and later re-compaction of type I sandstones. An intermediate telodiagenetic phase is deduced and related to the sharp unconformity between Lower Cretaceous sediments and the underlying sediments. This suggests that a mechanically unstable framework collapsed during the Cretaceous, generating type II sandstones. The analyzed diagenetic paths have a wide applicability on similar marginal areas of rift basins.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Sandstones; Fluvial deposits; Diagenesis; Porosity reduction; Iberian Peninsula; Buntsandstein|
|Subjects:||Sciences > Geology > Petrology|
|Deposited On:||06 Jun 2011 12:18|
|Last Modified:||06 Jun 2011 12:18|
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