Complutense University Library

Reconocimiento de Caras y Discapacidad Intelectual: Face Recognition and Learning Disability

Manzanero, Antonio L. and Recio, María and Alemany, Alberto and Martorell, Almudena (2011) Reconocimiento de Caras y Discapacidad Intelectual: Face Recognition and Learning Disability. Anuario de Psicología Jurídica, 21 . pp. 41-48. ISSN 1133-0740


Official URL:

View download statistics for this eprint

==>>> Export to other formats


El objetivo del presente trabajo consistió en analizar la capacidad de personas con discapacidad intelectual ligera y moderada para identificar a personas desconocidas vistas durante un periodo de tiempo breve y evaluar los factores que pudieran facilitar la tarea minimizando los errores. Para ello, se presentó a dos grupos de sujetos, con discapacidad y control, una fotografía de una persona que tras una tarea distractora deberían identificar en dos ruedas de seis fotografías (una de objetivo ausente y otra de objetivo presente). Cada sujeto realizó cuatro ensayos, dos con fotografías de hombres y otras dos con fotografías de mujeres. Los resultados mostraron que las personas con discapacidad intelectual en comparación con los sujetos control cometían menos aciertos y más falsas alarmas y discriminaban peor las caras (d’), aunque con pocas diferencias en el criterio de respuesta (ß). La relación entre rendimiento y CI resultó significativa para algunos de los tipos de respuesta.
The aim of this study was to analyze the unfamiliar face recognition ability of people with mild and moderate intellectual disabilities and assess factors that might facilitate the task while minimizing errors. For this purpose, two groups had to recognize in two lineups with six photographs each (one present-target and one absent-target). Each subject performed four trials, two with pictures of men and two with women. Analysis of the results suggests that people with intellectual disabilities compared with control group made fewer hits and more false alarms and discriminate faces worst (d’), but with few differences in the response bias (ß). The relationship between unfamiliar face recognition performance and IQ was significant in some types of responses.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Discapacidad intelectual, Identificación de personas, Memoria, Psicología del testimonio, Eyewitness testimony, Face identification, Intellectual disability, Memory
Subjects:Medical sciences > Psychology > Experimental psychology
Medical sciences > Psychology > Forensic psychology
Medical sciences > Psychology > Clinical psychology and psychodiagnostics
Medical sciences > Psychology > Cognitive psychology
ID Code:12830

Annaz, D., Karmiloff-Smith, A., Johnson, M. H. y Thomas, M. S. C. (2009). A cross-syndrome study of the development of holistic face recognition in children with autism, Down syndrome and Williams syndrome. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 102, 456-486

Behrmann, M., Avidan, G., Leonard, G. L., Kimchi, R., Luna, B., Humphreys, K. y Minshew, N. (2006). Configural processing in autism and its relationship to face processing. Neuropsychologia, 44 , 110-129.

Boucher, J. y Lewis, V. (1992). Unfamiliar face recognition in relatively able autistic children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 33, 843-859.

Brown, J., Johnson, H., Peterson, S., Gilmore, R., Longui, E. y Karmiloff-Smith, A. (2003). Spatial representation and attention in toodlers with Williams Syndrome and Down Syndrome. Neuropsychologia, 41, 1037-1046

Davies, S., Bishop, D., Manstead, A. y Tantam, D. (1994). Face perception in children with autism and Asperger’s syndrome. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 35, 1033-1057.

Ericson, K. y Isaacs, B. (2003). Eyewitness identification accuracy: A comparison of adults with and those without intellectual disabilities. Mental Retardation, 41, 161-173.

Gepner, B., De Gelder, B. y Schonen, S. (1996). Face processing in autistics: Evidence for a generalised deficit? Child Neuropsychology, 2, 123-139.

Goldman, R. L. (1994). Children and youth with intellectual disabilities: Targets for sexual abuse. International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 41, 89-102.

Joseph, R. y Tanaka, J. (2003). Holistic and partbased face recognition in children with autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 44, 529-542.

López, B., Donnelly, N., Hadwin, J. A. y Leekam, S. R. (2004). Face processing in high-functioning adolescents with autism: Evidence for weak central coherence. Visual Cognition, 11, 676-688.

Lawrence, K., Kuntsi, J., Coleman, M., Campbell, R. y Skuse, D. (2003). Face and emotion recognition deficits in Turner syndrome: A possible role for X-linked genes in amygdala development. Neuropsychology, 17, 39-49.

Lyle, K. B. y Johnson, M. K. (2004). Effects of verbalization on lineup face recognition in an interpolated inspection paradigm. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 18, 393-403.

Manzanero, A. L. (2006). Las experiencias de recuperación como medida de memoria. Boletín de Psicología, 87, 89-105.

Manzanero, A. L. (2010). Memoria de Testigos. Obtención y valoración de la prueba testifical. Madrid: Pirámide.

Neisser, U. (1963). Decision time without reaction time: Experiments in visual scanning. American Journal of Psychology, 76, 376-385

Plesa-Skwerer, D., Faja, S., Schofield, C., Verbalis, A., Tager-Flusberg, H. y Dykens, E. M. (2006). Perceiving facial and vocal expressions of emotion in individuals with Williams Syndrome. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 111, 15-26.

Rapley, M. y Antaki, C (1996). A conversation analysis of the ‘acquiescence’ of people with learning disabilities. Journal of Community and Applied Psychology, 6, 207-227.

Tager-Flusberg, H., Plesa-Skwerer, D., Faja, S. y Joseph, R. M. (2003). People with Williams syndrome process faces holistically. Cognition, 89, 11-24.

Tanner, W. P. y Swets, J. A. (1954). A decision-making theory of visual detection. Psychological Review, 61, 401-409.

Teunisse, J. P. y De Gelder, B. (1994). Do autistics have a generalized face processing deficit? International Journal of Neuroscience, 77, 1-10.

Tomporowsky, P. (1997). Attention in mentally retarded persons. En W. Mac Lean (Ed.), Handbook of mental deficiency, psychological theory and research. New Jersey: LEA.

Zhu, Q., Song, Y., Hu, S., Li, X., Tian, M., Zhen, Z., Dong, Q., Kanwisher, N. y Liu, J. (2009). Heritability of the specific cognitive ability of face perception. Current Biology, 20, 137-142.

Deposited On:07 Jun 2011 09:52
Last Modified:06 Feb 2014 09:33

Repository Staff Only: item control page