Complutense University Library

Estimating the Impact of Whaling on Global Whale Watching

Kuo, Hsiao-I and Chen, Chi-Chung and McAleer, Michael (2011) Estimating the Impact of Whaling on Global Whale Watching. [ Documentos de Trabajo del Instituto Complutense de Análisis Económico; nº 23, 2011, ] (Unpublished)

[img]
Preview
PDF
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

369kB

Official URL: http://eprints.ucm.es/12877/

View download statistics for this eprint

==>>> Export to other formats

Abstract

After the commercial whaling moratorium was enacted in 1986, whale watching became one of the fastest growing tourism industries worldwide. As whaling was regarded as an activity that is incompatible with whale watching, the possible resumption of commercial whaling caused an urgent need to investigate the potential negative effects of whaling on the whale-watching industry. We examine the potential impacts of whaling on the global whale-watching tourism industry using an unbalanced panel data model. The empirical results indicate that the resumption of commercial whaling has the potential for a negative effect on the global whale-watching industry, especially for nations that are engaged in commercial whaling.


Item Type:Working Paper or Technical Report
Uncontrolled Keywords:Global whale watching, Commercial whaling, Delay-difference equation, Unbalanced panel data.
Subjects:Social sciences > Economics > Econometrics
Social sciences > Economics > Industrial organization
Series Name:Documentos de Trabajo del Instituto Complutense de Análisis Económico
Volume:2011
Number:23
ID Code:12877
References:

Bejder L.A., H. Samuels, N. J. Gales, R. Mann, M. Connor, J. Heithaus, C. Watson-Capps, M. Flaherty, and M. Krützen, 2006, “Decline in Relative Abundance of Bottlenose Dolphins Exposed to Long-term Disturbance,” Conservation Biology, 20:6, 1791-1798.

Björgvinsson, A., 2003, “Iceland, Whale v/s Whale Watching,” accessed at http://www.global500.org/news_83.html, May 20, 2008.

Bjørndal, T., and J.M. Conrad, 1998, “A Report on the Norwegian Minke Whale Hunt,” Marine Policy, 22:2, 161–174.

Cisneros-Montemayor, A.M., U.R. Sumaila, K. Kaschner, and D. Pauly, 2010, “The Global Potential for Whale Watching,” Marine Policy, 34, 1273-1278.

Clark, C.W., 1976, “A Delay-Recruitment Model of Population Dynamics, with an Application to Baleen Whale Populations,” Journal of Mathematical Biology, 3:3, 381–391.

Conrad, J.M., 1989, “Bioeconomics and the Bowhead Whale,” Journal of Political Economy, 97:4, 974–987.

Conrad, J.M., and T. Bjørndal, 1993, “On the Resumption of Commercial Whaling: The Case of the Minke Whale in the Northeast Atlantic,”Arctic, 46:2, 164–171.

The Economist, 2000, “The Politics of Whaling,” The Economist, accessed at http://www.economist.com/node/359915, March 23, 2011.

Herrera, G.E., and H. Porter, 2006, “Commercial Whaling, Tourism, and Boycotts: An Economic Perspective,” Marine Policy, 30:3, 261–269.

Higham, J.E.S., and D. Lusseau, 2007, “Urgent Need for Empirical Research into Whaling and Whale Watching,” Conservation Biology, 21:2, 554-558.

Horan, R.D., and J.S. Shortle, 1999, “Optimal Management of Multiple Renewable Resource Stocks: An Application to Minke Whales,” Environmental and Resource Economics, 13, 435–458.

Hoyt, E., 1995, The Worldwide Value and Extent of Whale Watching: 1995, Bath: Whale and Dolphin Conservation Society.

Hoyt, E., 2001, Whale Watching 2001: Worldwide Tourism Numbers, Expenditures, and Expanding Socioeconomic Benefits, Yarmouth Port, MA: International Fund for Animal Welfare.

Hoyt, E., 2008. „Whale Watching‟, Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals, 2nd Edition (Perrin, W.F., B. Würsig and J.G.M. Thewissen, eds.) Academic Press, San Diego, CA, pp. 1223-1227.

Hoyt, E., and G.T. Hvenegaard, 2002, “A Review of Whale-Watching and Whaling with Applications for the Caribbean,” Coastal Management, 30:4, 381–399.

Hsiao, C., 2003, Analysis of Panel Data, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Humane Society of the United States, 2007, “The 2007 International Whaling Commission Meeting Highlights,” accessed at http://www.hsus.org/marine_mammals/save_whales_not_whaling/learn_more/2007_IWC_highlights.html, May 20, 2008.

Humane Society of the United States, 2008, “Iceland and Whaling: Consequences and Background,” accessed at http://www.hsus.org/marine_mammals/save_whales_not_whaling/iceland_whaling/iceland_and_whaling.html, May 20, 2008.

International Whaling Commission, 2008, accessed at http://iwcoffice.org/conservation/estimate.htm, May 25, 2008.

IUCN-The World Conservation Union, 2006, “Summary Statistics for Globally Threatened Species,” www.iucnredlist.org/search/search-basic.

Lim, C., 1997, “Review of International Tourism Demand Models,” Annals of Tourism Research, 24:4, 835–849.

Lusseau, D., E. Slooten, and R.J. Currey, 2006,“Unsustainable Dolphin Watching Tourism in Fiordland, New Zealand”, Tourism in Marine Environments, 3, 173-178.

O‟Connor, S.R., H. Campbell, and T. Cortez Knowles, 2009, “Whale Watching Worldwide: Tourism Numbers, Expenditures and Expanding Economic Benefits,” a special report from the International Fund for Animal Welfare, Yarmouth, USA. Prepared by Economists at Large. Yarmouth, International Fund for Animal Welfare.

Orams, M.B., 2001 “From Whale Hunting to Whale Watching in Tonga: A Sustainable Future?” Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 9, 128–146.

Parsons, E.C.M., and C. Rawles, 2003, “The Resumption of Whaling by Iceland and the Potential Negative Impact in the Icelandic Whale-Watching Market,” Current Issues in Tourism, 6:5, 444–448.

Schiff, A., and S. Becken, 2011, “Demand Elasticity Estimates for New Zealand Tourism,” Tourism Management, 32, 564–575.

Song, H., and G. Li, 2008, “Tourism Demand Modelling and Forecasting - A Review of Recent Research,” Tourism Management, 29:2, 203–220.

The World Bank, 2011, The World Development Indicators (WDI) Database, accessed at http://web.worldbank.org/, April 2, 2011.

Toolis, K., 2001, “Eat or Save It ?” The Guardian (Weekend Pages).

Tuma, N.B., and T.M. Hannan, 1984, Social Dynamics: Models and Methods ,New York: Academic.

Valentine, P.S., B. Alastair, M. Curnock, P. Arnold, and A. Dunstan, 2004, “Getting Closer to Whales - Passenger Expectations and Experiences, and the Management of Swim with Dwarf Minke Whale Interactions in the Great Barrier Reef,” Tourism Management, 25, 647–655.

Waggle, D., and M. Fish, 1998, “International Tourism Cross Elasticity,” Annals of Tourism Research, 25(4), 191–195.

World Wide Fund, 2003, “Whale Watching: A Future for Whales?” accessed at www.panda.org, May 28, 2008.

Deposited On:17 Jun 2011 11:32
Last Modified:06 Feb 2014 09:35

Repository Staff Only: item control page