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Polymineralic orientation analysis of magmatic rocks using Electron Back-Scatter Diffraction: Implications for igneous fabric origin and evolution

Romeo Briones, Ignacio and Capote del Villar, Ramón and Lunar, R. and Cayzer, N. (2007) Polymineralic orientation analysis of magmatic rocks using Electron Back-Scatter Diffraction: Implications for igneous fabric origin and evolution. Tectonophysics, 444 . pp. 45-62. ISSN 0040-1951

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Abstract

Electron Back-Scatter Diffraction (EBSD), which provides an easy way of acquiring large numbers of individual crystallographic
orientation data from different phases, has been applied to the study of magmatic fabrics. Using this technique, the crystallographic
preferred orientation (CPO) of plagioclase, biotite, orthopyroxene, hornblende and quartz in natural tonalites and quartzdiorites (from
the Santa Olalla Igneous Complex, SW Iberia) deformed during the magmatic stage have been determined. Plagioclase is the coarser
phase defining the main fabric in each sample, whereas biotite can display either the same fabric as plagioclase or a completely
different one. The differences between these two phases occur because: (1) smaller phases interact with the larger ones to produce
more random orientations, (2) under simple shear, finer phases can completely rotate giving a girdle included in the XZ plane, (3) finer
phases can more easily preserve relict fabrics, while the coarser phases are completely reoriented by the last stress tensor. The last
phases to crystallize show weak to completely random CPOs (hornblende) or completely random distributions (quartz). The study was
completed with a shape preferred orientation analysis using the Intercept Method in order to detect weak magmatic lineations, and
numerical modelling simulations of theoretically equivalent simple shear situations for each sample.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Crystallographic preferred orientation (CPO); Shape preferred orientation (SPO); Magmatic fabrics; Structural geology
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Geodynamics
ID Code:13296
Deposited On:16 Sep 2011 10:46
Last Modified:16 Sep 2011 10:46

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