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Characteristics of a Mg-Paylorskite in Miocene rocks, Madrid basin (Spain)

García Romero, Emilia and Súarez Barrios, Mercedes and Bustillo Revuelta, María Ángeles (2004) Characteristics of a Mg-Paylorskite in Miocene rocks, Madrid basin (Spain). Clays and clay minerals, 52 (4). pp. 484-494. ISSN 0009-8604

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Abstract

Palygorskite in Miocene mudstones, palustrine limestones and calcretes from the Esquivias
locality (Madrid Basin, Spain) has been analyzed by X-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy, scanning
electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and analytical electron microscopy to determine its
characteristics and chemical composition. Other palygorskites from the literature are used as references.
The mean structural formula obtained from the analysis of isolated particles is
(Si7.87ALO.13)O20(Al1.04Fe3+
0.20Mg3.11&0.65)(OH)2(OH2)4(Ca0.02K0.05Na0.08). This palygorskite has the
largest Mg content reported in the literature, and it seems that, chemically, it fills the ‘compositional
gap’ existing between sepiolite and palygorskite. Infrared spectroscopy reveals the absence of trioctahedral
Mg and therefore the possibility of the existence of magnesic clusters in the ribbons is discounted. An
homogeneous distribution of the octahedral cations (Al, Fe3+ and Mg) along the ribbons is proposed.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Esquivias, FTIR Spectroscopy, Mg-palygorskite, Octahedral Occupancy, Palygorskite, Spain, Tajo Basin.
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Mineralogy
ID Code:13396
Deposited On:13 Oct 2011 10:54
Last Modified:13 Oct 2011 10:56

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