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The occurrence of palygorskite in the Yucatán peninsula: Ethno-historic and archaeological contexts.

Sánchez del Río, Manuel and Súarez Barrios, Mercedes and García Romero, Emilia (2009) The occurrence of palygorskite in the Yucatán peninsula: Ethno-historic and archaeological contexts. Archaeometry, 51 (2). pp. 214-230. ISSN 1475-4754

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Abstract

Palygorskite is a rare clay mineral used by the ancient Mayas for fabricating the Maya blue
pigment and for other purposes. It seems to have been obtained from a restricted area in
the Yucatán peninsula where important archaeological sites are found. Geological samples
from different localities in this area show a high content in palygorskite, indicating that this
clay is widespread in Yucatán. Combining structural, morphological, compositional and
geochemical methods, we analysed the common characteristics of Yucatecan palygorskites,
and compared them with palygorskites from other origins around the world. These results
can be used for defining a fingerprint of Yucatecan palygorskite to be used in provenance
studies of archaeological artefacts, in particular the Maya blue pigment.


Item Type:Article
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Uncontrolled Keywords:Palygorskite, Yucatán, Maya culture, Maya blue
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Mineralogy
ID Code:13477
Deposited On:25 Oct 2011 11:04
Last Modified:25 Oct 2011 11:04

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