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The composition of solid solutions crystallising from aqueous solutions: the influence of supersaturation and growth mechanisms

Pina Martínez, Carlos Manuel and Enders, Michael and Putnis, Andrew (2000) The composition of solid solutions crystallising from aqueous solutions: the influence of supersaturation and growth mechanisms. Chemical geology, 168 . pp. 195-210. ISSN 0009-2541

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Abstract

In this paper we present a new approach to the problem of the crystallisation in solid solution–aqueous solution (SS–AS)
systems, in which two main controlling factors have been considered: (i) the supersaturation state of the multicomponent
solution in contact with the growing crystal and (ii) the growth mechanisms, operating at a molecular scale on the various
faces of the crystal. Supersaturation has been evaluated as a function of the solid solution (the β function) and the
transitional supersaturation between spiral growth and two dimensional nucleation mechanisms has been considered as a
linear function of the solid composition (the β* line). By superimposing β functions and β* line on a supersaturation–solid
composition diagram, we can define compositional regions growing according to different growth mechanisms. In order to
test our model, a number of in situ Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) experiments have been conducted in the
Ba2+–Sr 2+–SO24–H2O system, using barite (001) as the substrate. The general growth behaviour observed is consistent with the predictions given for a number of initial aqueous solution compositions. Microprobe analysis shows that the new
(001) layers grown under conditions where the maximum supersaturation corresponded to intermediate compositions of the
(Ba,Sr)SO4 solid are very Sr-rich. A qualitative explanation for such a compositional shift is given on the basis of nucleation
rate calculations in the Ba2+–Sr 2+–SO424–H2O system. Finally we discuss the effect of the substrate on the formation and
distribution of two-dimensional (Ba,Sr)SO4 nuclei on a barite (001) surface.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Supersaturation; Growth mechanisms; Solid solution; Barite; Atomic Force Microsocopy
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Crystallography
ID Code:14497
Deposited On:01 Feb 2012 13:37
Last Modified:01 Feb 2012 13:37

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