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Concentric zoning patterns in crystallizing (Cd,Ca)CO3 solid solutions from aqueous solutions

Fernández González, Ángeles and Prieto Rubio, Manuel and Putnis, Andrew and López Andrés, Sol (1999) Concentric zoning patterns in crystallizing (Cd,Ca)CO3 solid solutions from aqueous solutions. Mineralogical magazine, 63 (3). pp. 331-343. ISSN 0026-461X

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Abstract

Otavite-calcite solid solutions have been synthesized to investigate the factors which control the
patterns of compositional zoning. The equilibrium partitioning of otavite between the aqueous and the
solid phase can be described by means of a function XCdCO3
(XCd,aq)eq, which relates the solid mole
fraction and the aqueous activity fraction of Cd. According to this function, there is a strong
preferential partitioning of Cd towards the solid. A set of experiments starting with parent solutions
with different Cd2+/Ca2+ ratios was carried out. In these experiments nucleation takes place at high
supersaturations and the Cd2+ and Ca2+ ions tend to be laid down in a ratio which deviates from the
equilibrium distribution. Experimental nucleation data can be fitted to a curve XCdCO3
(XCd,aq)ef of the
same functionality as that for equilibrium.
After nucleation, supersaturation decreases as the crystals grow. During this process, substituting ions
are not incorporated into the solid in the same stoichiometric proportion as in the aqueous solution.
Therefore, crystal and fluid compositions tend to vary as growth proceeds and this evolution is
registered as a compositional zoning. The curves XCdCO3
(XCd,aq)eq and XCdCO3
(XCd,aq)ef confine the
reaction path corresponding to the growth process. Here, these curves are used to account for the
observed zoning patterns.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Solid solution, Otavite, Calcite, Crystal growth, Zoning, Oscillatory zoning
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Crystallography
ID Code:14849
Deposited On:17 Apr 2012 09:10
Last Modified:06 Feb 2014 10:10

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