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La figura del facilitador en la investigación policial y judicial con víctimas con discapacidad intelectual = The figure of the helper advisor in police and judicial research involving persons with intellectual disabilities

Recio Zapata, María and Alemany Carrasco, Alberto and Manzanero, Antonio L. (2012) La figura del facilitador en la investigación policial y judicial con víctimas con discapacidad intelectual = The figure of the helper advisor in police and judicial research involving persons with intellectual disabilities. Siglo Cero. Revista Española sobre Discapacidad Intelectual, 43 (3). pp. 54-68. ISSN 0210-1696

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Abstract

En el presente trabajo analizamos algunos factores que inciden en la especial vulnerabilidad de las personas con Discapacidad Intelectual (DI) a ser víctimas de abusos y a sufrir una revictimización tras los mismos. De ellos destacamos la escasa adecuación de las entrevistas policiales y judiciales a sus características, y los sesgos en los juicios de credibilidad de los testimonios de las personas con DI. Frente a éstos, la Unidad de Atención a Víctimas con Discapacidad Intelectual (UAVDI) propone la introducción de la figura del facilitador en todo proceso policial y judicial con víctimas con DI. Presentamos aquellas investigaciones realizadas en la UAVDI que apoyan la instauración de adaptaciones en las ruedas de reconocimiento y en las entrevistas de obtención del testimonio de personas con DI. La introducción de las mismas es uno de los objetivos del facilitador, cuyo trabajo queda ilustrado en el análisis de un caso de una víctima de abuso sexual con DI. [ABSTRACT]
In this paper we analyse some of the factors that affect the vulnerability of people with intellectual disability (ID) to be victims of abuse. The lack of adaptation of police and judicial interviews and the biases in the credibility judgments given to the testimony of people with ID were analysed. The Victim Support Unit for People with Intellectual Disability proposes as a solution the figure of the “helper advisor” in the police and judicial procedures. We will present the investigations made in our Care Unit that support the inclusion of adaptations in the line-up identifications and the interviews to obtain the testimony of the victim with ID. Application of these adaptations is one of the objectives of the “helper-advisor”, whose work will be illustrated by the analysis of a case of sexual abuse to a person with ID.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Victims, Intellectual Disability, Vulnerability, Abuse, Adaptations, Testimony, Identification, Víctimas, Discapacidad Intelectual, Vulnerabilidad, Abuso, Adaptaciones, Testimonio, Identificación
Subjects:Social sciences > Law > Criminology
Medical sciences > Psychology > Forensic psychology
ID Code:16309
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Deposited On:12 Sep 2012 09:10
Last Modified:04 Mar 2013 15:33

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