Biblioteca de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid

La figura del facilitador en la investigación policial y judicial con víctimas con discapacidad intelectual = The figure of the helper advisor in police and judicial research involving persons with intellectual disabilities


Recio Zapata, María y Alemany Carrasco, Alberto y Manzanero, Antonio L. (2012) La figura del facilitador en la investigación policial y judicial con víctimas con discapacidad intelectual = The figure of the helper advisor in police and judicial research involving persons with intellectual disabilities. Siglo Cero. Revista Española sobre Discapacidad Intelectual, 43 (3). pp. 54-68. ISSN 0210-1696

[img] PDF


En el presente trabajo analizamos algunos factores que inciden en la especial vulnerabilidad de las personas con Discapacidad Intelectual (DI) a ser víctimas de abusos y a sufrir una revictimización tras los mismos. De ellos destacamos la escasa adecuación de las entrevistas policiales y judiciales a sus características, y los sesgos en los juicios de credibilidad de los testimonios de las personas con DI. Frente a éstos, la Unidad de Atención a Víctimas con Discapacidad Intelectual (UAVDI) propone la introducción de la figura del facilitador en todo proceso policial y judicial con víctimas con DI. Presentamos aquellas investigaciones realizadas en la UAVDI que apoyan la instauración de adaptaciones en las ruedas de reconocimiento y en las entrevistas de obtención del testimonio de personas con DI. La introducción de las mismas es uno de los objetivos del facilitador, cuyo trabajo queda ilustrado en el análisis de un caso de una víctima de abuso sexual con DI. [ABSTRACT]
In this paper we analyse some of the factors that affect the vulnerability of people with intellectual disability (ID) to be victims of abuse. The lack of adaptation of police and judicial interviews and the biases in the credibility judgments given to the testimony of people with ID were analysed. The Victim Support Unit for People with Intellectual Disability proposes as a solution the figure of the “helper advisor” in the police and judicial procedures. We will present the investigations made in our Care Unit that support the inclusion of adaptations in the line-up identifications and the interviews to obtain the testimony of the victim with ID. Application of these adaptations is one of the objectives of the “helper-advisor”, whose work will be illustrated by the analysis of a case of sexual abuse to a person with ID.

Tipo de documento:Artículo
Palabras clave:Victims, Intellectual Disability, Vulnerability, Abuse, Adaptations, Testimony, Identification, Víctimas, Discapacidad Intelectual, Vulnerabilidad, Abuso, Adaptaciones, Testimonio, Identificación
Materias:Ciencias Sociales > Derecho > Criminología
Ciencias Biomédicas > Psicología > Psicología legal
Código ID:16309

Aarons, N. & Powell, M. (2003). Issues related to the interviewer´s ability to elicit reports from children with an intellectual disability: A review. Current issues in Criminal Justice, 14, 257-268.

Aarons, N., Powell, M., & Snow, P. (2006). An examination of the questioning styles of police, officers and caregivers when interviewing children with an intellectual disability. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 11, 35-53.

Brown, H., Stein, J., & Turk, V. (1995). The sexual abuse of adults with learning disabilities. Mental Handicap Research, 8, 3–24.

Bull, R. (1995). Interviewing people with communicative disabilities. In R. Bull & D. Carson (eds.), Handbook of psychology in legal contexts (pp. 247-260). Chichester: John Wiley and Sons.

Bull, R. (2010). The investigative interviewing of children and other vulnerable witnesses: Psychological research and working/professional practice. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 15, 5-23.

Cambridge, P. & Carnaby, S. (2000). A personal touch: managing the risks of abuse during intimate and personal care. Journal of Adult Protection, 2, 4-16.

Cederborg, A. C. & Lamb, M. (2008). Interviewing alleged victims with intellectual disabilities. Journal of intellectual Disability Research, 52(1), 49-58.

Clare, I. C. H. & Gudjonsson, G. H. (1995). The vulnerability of suspects with intellectual disabilities during police interviews: A review and experimental study of decision-making. Mental Handicap Research, 8, 110–128.

Cooke, P. & Standen, P. (2002). Abuse and Disabled Children: Hidden Needs? Child Abuse Review, 11, 1-18.

Crown Prosecution Service (2009). Supporting victims and witnesses with a learning disability.

Fyson, R. & Cromby, J. (2010). Memory, sexual abuse and the politics of learning disability. In J. Haaken & P. Reavey (Eds.), Memory Matters: contexts for understanding sexual abuse recollections (pp. 157-174). Hove: Rotledge.

Henry, L., Ridley, A., Perry, J., & Crane, L. (2011) Perceived credibility and eyewitness testimony of children with intellectual disabilities. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 55(4), 385–391.

Henry L. A. & Gudjonsson G. H. (2003) Eyewitness memory, suggestibility and repeated recall sessions in children with mild and moderate intellectual disabilities. Law and Human Behavior , 27, 481–505.

Horner-Johnson, W. & Drum, C.E. (2006) Prevalence of maltreatment of people with intellectual disabilities: a review of recent published research. Mental Retardation and Developmental disabilities Research Review, 12, 57-69.

Kebell. M.R., Hatton, C., & Johnson, S.D. (2004) Witnesses with intellectual disabilities in court: what questions are asked and what influence do they have? Legal and Criminological Psychology, 9, 23-35

Knutson, J. & Sullivan, P. (1993) Communicative disorders as a risk factor in abuse. Topics in language disorders, 13, 1-14.

Manzanero, A. L. (2006). Do perceptual and suggested accounts actually differ? Psychology in Spain, 10(1), 52-65.

Manzanero, A. L. (2009). Análisis de contenido de memorias autobiográficas falsas. Anuario de Psicología Jurídica, 19, 61-72.

Manzanero, A L., Contreras, M. J., Recio, M., Alemany, A., & Martorell, A. (2012). Effects of presentation format and instructions on the ability of people with intellectual disability to identify faces. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 33, 391-397.

Manzanero, A. L. & Muñoz, J. M. (2011). La prueba pericial psicológica sobre la credibilidad del testimonio: Reflexiones psico-legales. Madrid: SEPIN.

Manzanero, A. L., Recio, M., Alemany, A., & Martorell, A. (2011) Reconocimiento de caras y discapacidad intelectual. Anuario de Psicología Jurídica, 21, 41-48.

Manzanero, A. L., Recio, M., Alemany, A., Vallet, R. & Aróztegui, J. (submitted). CBCA content criteria and intuitive credibility assessment in true and false statements given by persons with intellectual disability.

McCarthy, M. & Thompson, D. (1997). A Prevalence Study of Sexual Abuse of Adults with Intellectual Disabilities Referred for Sex Education. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 10(2), 105-124.

Milne, R. & Bull, R. (2006) Interviewing victims of crime, including children and people with intellectual disabilities. En M. Kebbell & G. Davies (Eds), Practical Psychology for forensic investigations (pp. 7-24). Chichester, WS: Wiley.

Ministry of Justice (2011a). Vulnerable and Intimidated Witnesses. A Police Service Guide.

Ministry of Justice (2011b). Achieving Best Evidence in Criminal Proceedings: Guidance on interviewing victims and witnesses and guidance on using special measures..

Peled, M., Iarocci, G., & Cannolly, D.A. (2004) Eyewitness testimony and perceived credibility of youth with mild intellectual disability. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 18(7), 669-703.

Perlman, N. B., Ericson, K. I., Esses, V. M., & Isaacs, B. J. (1994). The developmentally handicapped witness: Competency as a function of question format. Law and Human Behaviour, 18, 171-187.

Rice, M. L., Warren, S.F., & Betz, S.K (2005). Language symptoms of developmental laguage disorders: an overview of autism, fragile X, specific language impairment and Williams Syndrome. Applied Psycholinguistics, 26, 7-27.

Sobsey D. & Varnhagen C. (1991) Sexual abuse and exploitation of disabled individuals. In C. Bagley & R. J. Thomlinson (Eds.), Child Sexual Abuse: Critical Perspectives on Prevention, Intervention and Treatment (pp. 203-216). Toronto: Wall & Emerson.

Sobsey, D. (1994). Violence and abuse in the lives of people with disabilities: The end of silent acceptance? Baltimore: Brookes.

Stacey, H. (1999) Investigation into the skills used by the police officers when interviewing intellectually disabled witnesses. Tesis doctoral. School of Psychology, University of Leicester, Leicester.

Steller, M. (1989). Recent developments in statement analysis. En J. C. Yuille (Ed.), Credibility assessment (pp. 135-154). Netherland: Kluwer Academic Publishers

Sullivan, P. M. & Knutson, J. F. (2000). Maltreatment and disabilities: a population based epidemiological study. Child Abuse and Neglect, 24, 1257-1273.

Tager-Flushberg, H. (1999). A psychological approach to understanding the social language impairments in autism. International Review of Psychiatry, 11, 325-334.

Ternes, M. & Yuille J.C. (2008). Eyewitness memory and eyewitness identification performance in adults with intellectual disabilities. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 21, 519-531.

Tharinger, D., Horton, C.B., & Millea, S. (1990). Sexual abuse and exploitation of children and adults with mental retardation and other handicaps. Child Abuse and Neglect , 4, 301-312.

Westcott, H. & Jones, P. (1999). Annotation: The Abuse of Disabled Children. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 40, 497-506.

Verdugo, M. A., Alcedo, M. A., Bermejo, B.,& Aguado, A. (2002) El abuso sexual a personas con discapacidad intelectual. Psicothema, 14, 124-129.

Depositado:12 Sep 2012 09:10
Última Modificación:04 Mar 2013 15:33

Sólo personal del repositorio: página de control del artículo