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Minor Contribution of Principal Excitatory Pathways to Hippocampal LFPs in the Anesthetized Rat: A Combined Independent Component and Current Source Density Study

Makarov , Valeri A. and Korovaichuk, A. and Makarova, J. and Benito, N. and Herreras, Óscar (2010) Minor Contribution of Principal Excitatory Pathways to Hippocampal LFPs in the Anesthetized Rat: A Combined Independent Component and Current Source Density Study. Journal of Neurophysiology, 104 (1 ). 484-497 . ISSN 0022-3077

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Abstract

Korovaichuk A, Makarova J, Makarov VA, Benito N, Herreras O. Minor contribution of principal excitatory pathways to hippocampal LFPs in the anesthetized rat: A combined independent component and current source density study. J Neurophysiol 104: 484-497, 2010. First published May 12, 2010; doi:10.1152/jn.00297.2010. Analysis of local field potentials (LFPs) helps understand the function of the converging neuronal populations that produce the mixed synaptic activity in principal cells. Recently, using independent component analysis (ICA), we resolved ongoing hippocampal activity into several major contributions of stratified LFP-generators. Here, using pathway-specific LFP reconstruction, we isolated LFP-generators that describe the activity of Schaffer-CA1 and Perforant-Dentate excitatory inputs in the anesthetized rat. First, we applied ICA and current source density analysis to LFPs evoked by electrical subthreshold stimulation of the pathways. The results showed that pathway specific activity is selectively captured by individual components or LFP-generators. Each generator matches the known distribution of axonal terminal fields in the hippocampus and recovers the specific time course of their activation. Second, we use sparse weak electrical stimulation to prime ongoing LFPs with activity of a known origin. Decomposition of ongoing LFPs yields a few significant LFP-generators with distinct spatiotemporal characteristics for the Schaffer and Perforant inputs. Both pathways convey an irregular temporal pattern in bouts of population activity of varying amplitude. Importantly, the contribution of Schaffer and Perforant inputs to the power of raw LFPs in the hippocampus is minor (7 and 5%, respectively). The results support the hypothesis on a sparse population code used by excitatory populations in the entorhino-hippocampal system, and they validate the separation of LFP-generators as a powerful tool to explore the computational function of neuronal circuits in real time.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Pyramidal cells; Behaving rat; In-vivo; Potential oscillations; Spreading depression; Tissue resistivity; Entorhinal cortex; Evoked-potentials; Population spikes; Cortical-neurons
Subjects:Medical sciences > Biology > Neurosciences
ID Code:16588
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