Escobedo, M. and Herrero, Miguel A. and Velázquez, J.J. L.
(1999)
*Radiation dynamics in homogeneous plasma.*
Physica D-Nonlinear Phenomena, 126
(3-4).
pp. 236-260.
ISSN 0167-2789

PDF
Restringido a Repository staff only hasta 31 December 2020. 230kB |

Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167278998002553

## Abstract

We study in this paper the asymptotic behaviour of solutions of a nonlinear Fokker-Plank equation. Such an equation describes the evolution of radiation for a gas of photons, which interacts with electrons by means of Compton scattering and Bremsstrahlung radiation. Assuming that a suitable adimensional parameter ε (which measures the strength of the Bremsstrahlung effect) is small enough, we show that the problem considered has two natural timescales. For times t = O(1), the dynamics is conducted by that of a reduced problem, corresponding to setting ε = O in the original equations. Solutions of that problem may blow up in finite time, and the total number of photons is no longer preserved after the singularity formation. Nevertheless, solutions of this problem can be continued for all times, if defined in a suitable sense. When t --> infinity, solutions of such a modified problem converge towards a Bose-Einstein distribution with a suitable (in general nonzero) chemical potential. However, at times of order t = O((ε|log ε|)(-2/3)), the Bremsstrahlung term becomes dominant at low frequencies, and drives the photon distribution to approach to a Planck distribution as time goes to infinity.

Item Type: | Article |
---|---|

Uncontrolled Keywords: | Radiation; Fokker-Plank equation; Bremsstrahlung effect |

Subjects: | Sciences > Physics > Mathematical physics Sciences > Mathematics > Differential equations Sciences > Physics > Nuclear physics |

ID Code: | 16696 |

References: | C.M. Bender, S.A. Orszag, Advanced Mathematical Methods for Scientists and Engineers, Mc Graw Hill, New York, 1978. G. Cooper, Compton Fokker–Planck equation for hot plasmas, Phys. Rev. D 3 (1971) 231–22316. R.E. Caflisch, C.D. Levermore, Equilibrium for radiation in a homogeneous plasma, Phys. Fluids 29 (1986) 748–752. H. Dreicer, Kinetic theory of an electron–photon gas, Phys. Fluids 7 (1964) 735–753. M. Escobedo, M.A. Herrero, J.J.L. Velázquez, A nonlinear Fokker–Planck equation modelling the approach to thermal equilibrium in a homogeneous plasma, Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. 350 (1998) 3837–3901. A. Friedman, Partial differential equations of parabolic type, Krieger, New York, 1983. A.S. Kompaneets, The establishment of thermal equilibrium between quanta and electrons, Soviet Phys. JETP 4 (1957) 730–737. P.J.E. Peebles, Principles of Physical Cosmology, Princeton University Press, Princeton, NT, 1993. R.Weymann, Diffusion approximation for a photon gas interacting with a plasma via the Compton effect, Phys. Fluids 8 (1965) 2112–2114. Ya.B. Zel’dovich, D. Novikov, Relativistic Astrophysics, vol. 2: The Structure and Evolution of the Universe, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1983. |

Deposited On: | 11 Oct 2012 08:42 |

Last Modified: | 07 Feb 2014 09:34 |

Repository Staff Only: item control page