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Stratigraphic succession, facies and depositional environment of Emsian reefal carbonates in the Ossa-Morena Zone (SW Spain)

Rodríguez , Sergio and Fernández Martínez, Esperanza and Cózar Maldonado, Pedro and Valenzuela-Ríos, José Ignacio and Pardo Alonso, Miguel V. and Liao, Jau-Chyn and May, Andreas (2010) Stratigraphic succession, facies and depositional environment of Emsian reefal carbonates in the Ossa-Morena Zone (SW Spain). Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie. Abhandlungen, 257 (1). pp. 69-83. ISSN 0077-7749

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Abstract

The Devonian succession between the Guadiana and Guadalquivir valleys in the Obejo-
Valsequillo Domain comprises more than 600 m of shale and sandstone with some interbedded limestone
and marl. The most complete reefal sequences of the region are exposed in the Guadámez-2
section, which is located on the western bank of the Guadámez River, near Zalamea de la Serena. It
consists mainly of shale and calcareous shale in its lower part and shaly, skeletal and reefal limestone
in its upper part. Conodont and brachiopod data indicate that this section spans the interval from
the Lochkovian to at least the upper Emsian. Eight microfacies types have been identified in the
calcareous facies: A, brachiopod-echinoderm wackestone/packstone; B1, echinoderm grainstone;
B2, echinoderm-bryozoan grainstone/packstone; C, echinoderm packstone; D, tabulate coral
rudstone; E, brachiopod wackestone/packstone; F, brachiopod grainstone/packstone; and G,
stromatoporoid and tabulate coral boundstone/rudstone. Microfacies A, B1, C, E and F represent
a sequence of environments from middle platform (A) to tidal flat (F), including shoals (B1) and
shallow platform facies. Microfacies B2, D and G represent the development of patch-reefs super -
imposed on the shoals.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Lower Devonian, Emsian, Spain, Microfacies, Facies, Reefs, Carbonates, Paleoenvironments
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Stratigraphic geology
ID Code:17040
Deposited On:07 Nov 2012 12:13
Last Modified:07 Nov 2012 12:13

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