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Imaging the crustal structure of the Central Iberian Zone (Variscan Belt): The ALCUDIA deep seismic reflection transect

Martínez Poyatos, D. and Carbonell Beltrán, Ramón and Palomeras, Inmaculada and Simancas Cabrera, José Fernando and Ayarza Arribas, Puy and Martí, D. and Azor, Antonio and Jabaloy Sánchez, Antonio and González Cuadra, Pablo and Tejero López, Rosa María and Martín Parra, L.M. and Matas, J. and González Lodeiro, F. and Pérez Estaún, A. and García Lobón, J.L. and Mansilla Plaza, Luis (2012) Imaging the crustal structure of the Central Iberian Zone (Variscan Belt): The ALCUDIA deep seismic reflection transect. Tectonics, 31 (TC3017). pp. 1-21. ISSN 0278-7407

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Official URL: doi:10.1029/2011TC002995

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Abstract

ALCUDIA is a 230 km long, vertical incidence deep seismic reflection transect
acquired in spring 2007 across the southern Central Iberian Zone (part of the pre-Mesozoic
Gondwana paleocontinent) of the Variscan Orogen of Spain. The carefully designed
acquisition parameters resulted in a 20 s TWTT deep, 60–90 fold, high-resolution
seismic reflection transect. The processed image shows a weakly reflective upper crust
(the scarce reflectivity matching structures identified at surface), a thick, highly reflective
and laminated lower crust, and a flat Moho located at 10 s TWTT (30 km depth).
The transect can be divided into three segments with different structural styles in the lower
crust. In the central segment, the lower crust is imaged by regular, horizontal and parallel
reflectors, whereas in the northern and southern segments it displays oblique reflectors
interpreted as an important thrust (north) and tectonic wedging involving the mantle
(south). The ALCUDIA seismic image shows that in an intracontinental orogenic crust,
far from the suture zones, the upper and lower crust may react differently to shortening
in different sectors, which is taken as evidence for decoupling. The interpreted structures,
as deduced from surface geology and the seismic image, show that deformation was
distributed homogeneously in the upper crust, whereas it was concentrated in wedge/thrust
structures at specific sectors in the lower crust. The seismic image also shows the location
of late Variscan faults in spatial association with the lower crustal thickened areas.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Variscan Orogen of Spain; Gondwana; Sismology; Crustal structure
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Geodynamics
ID Code:17130
Deposited On:19 Nov 2012 08:28
Last Modified:07 Feb 2014 09:42

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