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The Iberian Middle Jurassic carbonate-platform system: Synthesis of the palaeogeographic elements of its eastern margin (Spain)

Gómez Fernández, Juan José and Fernández López, Sixto Rafael (2006) The Iberian Middle Jurassic carbonate-platform system: Synthesis of the palaeogeographic elements of its eastern margin (Spain). Palaeogeography, palaeoclimatology, palaeoecology , 236 . pp. 190-205. ISSN 0031-0182

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Abstract

During the Middle Jurassic, the domain of the Iberian and Catalan Coastal ranges of eastern Spain was occupied by a system of
fault-controlled carbonate platforms that flanked the Iberian Massif to the East. This platform system marked the transition between
the shelves of the Alpine Tethys and the Central Atlantic Ocean. The palaeogeographic reconstruction of the Iberian Middle
Jurassic platform system is based on more than 199 surface sections and 37 wells. From southwest to northeast, eight main
palaeogeographic elements with associated characteristic facies are recognized. These represent a system of horsts and grabens. In
the southwest, the Internal Castilian Platform is characterized by the frequently dolomitized oolitic and restricted facies of the
Yemeda Formation. To the northeast, the NW-trending open-marine carbonate environments of the External Castilian and
Aragonese platforms were separated by the fault-controlled El Maestrazgo High that is characterized mainly by the dolomitized
Rafales Formation. The External Castilian and Aragonese platforms consist from bottom to top of the microfilament mudstones to
wackestones of the El Pedregal Formation, the bioclastic and oolitic grainstones to packstones of the Moscardon Formation, and
the Domen˜o Formation, that reflects a return to an open-marine low-energy wackestone to mudstone facies, locally containing
patches of oolitic grainstones. The highly subsiding Tortosa Platform, represented by the Sant Blai, Cardo and La Tossa formations,
is bounded by the dolomitic facies deposited on the El Maestrazgo and the Tarragona highs, and by the Catalan Massif where no
Middle Jurassic deposits have been recorded. The open-marine facies and condensed sections of the Beceite Strait separated the
Aragonese and Tortosa platforms. A regional stratigraphical gap spanning the upper Callovian Lamberti Zone to the lower
Oxfordian Cordatum Zone is evident. A system of northwest- and northeast-trending normal faults controlled thickness and facies
distribution. Data from the Iberian carbonate-platform system indicate that expanded sections were not necessarily associated with
open-marine environments. Condensed and expanded sections are developed in open and restricted-marine facies, even on such
palaeogeographic highs as the El Maestrazgo High. Restricted and shallow-marine environments occasionally developed in parts of
the External Castilian Platform.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Middle Jurassic; Carbonate platforms; Stratigraphy; Palaeoenvironments; Palaeogeography; Spain
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Paleontology
Sciences > Geology > Stratigraphic geology
ID Code:17210
Deposited On:27 Nov 2012 10:35
Last Modified:22 Jan 2014 13:02

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