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The Upper Permian Boniches Conglomerates Formation: evolution from alluvial fan to fluvial system environments and accompanying tectonic and climatic controls in the southeast Iberian Ranges, central Spain

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López Gómez, José y Arche, Alfredo (1997) The Upper Permian Boniches Conglomerates Formation: evolution from alluvial fan to fluvial system environments and accompanying tectonic and climatic controls in the southeast Iberian Ranges, central Spain. Sedimentary Geology, 114 . pp. 267-294. ISSN 0037-0738

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Resumen

The Boniches Conglomerates Fm. (Upper Permian) represents the first episode of sedimentation in the southeast
border margin of the Iberian Basin, central Spain. The Iberian Basin commenced development as a rift basin running
mainly NW-SE during the Early Permian and underwent its first general extensional period during the Late Permian. The
Boniches Fm. was deposited as a small segment (less than 100 km long and 9-10 km wide) of the Iberian Basin that
extended in a northeast direction during this period.
Detailed mapping and palaeocurrent analysis have shown that the Boniches Fm. is of a curvilinear, wedge-shaped
morphology. Sediments close to the southwest main faulted border are of a maximum thickness of 230 m. Clear lateral
variation in thickness controlled by the activity of secondary transfer faults perpendicular to the main NW-SE axis may
be observed. This network of faults permitted the formation of blocks, limited laterally by the transfer faults. These
blocks experienced subsidence and rotation against the elevated southwest footwall block which resulted in the isolation of
reduced sub-basins with different sedimentary characteristics.
Based on facies and facies association, the Boniches Fm. is thought to have evolved vertically from two main alluvial
fan systems in the lowest part of the formation, into fluvial braided systems flowing southeast. As expected, no flow
orientations towards the footwall block are observed during the first episodes of the refill. This may be explained by
erosion, or simply a lack of sedimentation due to the gentle slope. The change from alluvial fan to fluvial environments is
interpreted as a relatively sudden tectonic reorganization of the whole segment favouring new longitudinal fluvial drainage
from a transfer zone located to the northwest. Three different reorganization episodes, clearly marked in the Boniches Fm.
as 'main boundary surfaces' (MBS) separate four members subdivided into 4-5 levels (34 m thick). Each level consists
of fining-upward successions less than 1 m thick.
Tectonics and climatic factors clearly controlled sedimentation. Tectonic activity was probably of greatest importance
and was conditioned by the movement of the main NW-SE and NE-SW transfer faults. The role of climate in ancient
conglomerate sediments has not been well established. Palaeogeographical, mineralogical, sedimentological and clast
analyses suggest that the Boniches Fm. was deposited under humid conditions by running water. The differentiation between 'proper' alluvial fans and fluvial environments during the transition period of the Boniches
Fro. is not clear since, in many recent alluvial fans, braided fluvial systems are associated with fans.


Tipo de documento:Artículo
Palabras clave:Fluvial; Fans; Tectonic control; Climatic control; Rifts; Permian
Materias:Ciencias > Geología > Geología estratigráfica
Código ID:17646
Depositado:14 Ene 2013 13:22
Última Modificación:14 Ene 2013 13:22

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