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Caracterización de la infección neurológica por poliomavirus BK

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Bárcena Panero, Ana (2013) Caracterización de la infección neurológica por poliomavirus BK. [Tesis]

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Resumen

Human polyomavirus BK (BKPyV) is the aetiological agent of polyomavirus-associated nephropathy (PVAN) and of hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) while human polyomavirus JC (JCPyV) is associated with progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML). However, JCPyV can give rise
to PVAN and HC and BKPyV has been detected in cerebrospinal fluid samples (CSF) from patients with Central Nervous System (CNS) disease, including PML. During the period 1998–
2011, 2,406 CSF samples from patients with suspected JCPyV infection were tested for the presence of BKPyV, JCPyV, and SV40 large T antigen DNA by a multiplex PCR assay in the
National Centre of Microbiology. Twenty neurological patients with at least one BKPyV DNApositive CSF specimen were identified.
Firstly, an internally-controlled multiplex real-time PCR was developed and showed to be suitable for the diagnosis of polyomavirus BK and JC infection, providing a sensitive, reproducible and specific quantification of the viral load of both viruses in samples of patients with associated
pathologies. The present method was used to quantify BKPyV in the CSF of neurological patients for the first time, showing a median of 9 x 103 copies/ml (range 6 x102- 2x 106 copies/ml) and no differences were observed with JCPyV viral load in PML patients.
Secondly, BKPyV non coding control region (NCCR) sequences from the 20 neurological patients were determined and compared to NCCR sequences from BKPyV variants present in renal transplant recipients, bone marrow transplant recipients and healthy pregnant women. The archetypal conformation of BK polyomavirus regulatory region was predominant in the neurological patients and in other groups of patients and controls and, therefore, rearrangements are not sufficient per se to to induce neurotropism. Five out of six early and four out of six late
rearranged promoters from BK polyomavirus neurological strains showed significantly higher activity than the corresponding archetypal promoter in transfection studies with Vero cells.
Thirdly, the entire VP1 protein sequence of 14 of the 20 neurological BKPyV isolates was
determined and compared to VP1 sequences from strains circulating in patients with other
pathological conditions such as renal transplant recipients and bone marrow transplant recipients
and from healthy pregnant women. Our results revealed that VP1 reference sequence was the most
common in the CSF of the neurological patients and that subtype I was predominant in all patients groups. This suggests that VP1 polymorphism is not strictly necessary or sufficient for BKPyVassociated pathology and that specific strains are not related to a specific clinical manifestation. However, a significant accumulation of amino acid substitutions in the BC loop of VP1, while a
decreased tendency for EF loop mutations was found. Molecular modelling calculations indicated that the VP1 mutants may have altered host cell receptor binding properties.


Tipo de documento:Tesis
Información Adicional:

Tesis inédita de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Facultad de Medicina, leída el 08-10-2012

Directores (o tutores):
NombreEmail del director (o tutor)
Echevarría Mayo, Juan Emilio
Giovanni Fedele, Cesare
Palabras clave:Inmunología, Poliomavirus
Materias:Ciencias Biomédicas > Medicina > Inmunología
Código ID:17716
Depositado:17 Ene 2013 12:42
Última Modificación:07 Feb 2014 09:52

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