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Multiple solutions and numerical analysis to the dynamic and stationary models coupling a delayed energy balance model involving latent heat and discontinuous albedo with a deep ocean

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Díaz Díaz, Jesús Ildefonso and Hidalgo, A. and Tello, L. (2014) Multiple solutions and numerical analysis to the dynamic and stationary models coupling a delayed energy balance model involving latent heat and discontinuous albedo with a deep ocean. Proceedings of the Royal Society A, 470 (2170). p. 20140376. ISSN 1364-5021

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Official URL: http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/royprsa/470/2170/20140376.full.pdf




Abstract

We study a climatologically important interaction of two of the main components of the geophysical system by adding an energy balance model for the averaged atmospheric temperature as dynamic boundary condition to a diagnostic ocean model having an additional spatial dimension.In this work,we give deeper insight than previous papers in the literature, mainly with respect to the 1990 pioneering model by Watts and Morantine. We are taking into consideration the latent heat for the two phase ocean as well as a possible delayed term. Non uniqueness for the initial boundary value problem, uniqueness under a non-degeneracy condition, and the existence of multiple stationary solutions are proved here. These multiplicity results suggest that an S-shaped bifurcation diagram should be expected to occur in this class of models generalizing previous Energy Balance Models (EBMs). The numerical method
applied to the model is based on a finite volume scheme with nonlinear WENO reconstruction and Runge-Kutta TVD for time integration


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Energy balance model; deep ocean;latent heat; multiplicity of equilibrium states; delayed terms; finite volume method
Subjects:Sciences > Mathematics
ID Code:28950
Deposited On:03 Mar 2015 12:19
Last Modified:12 Dec 2018 15:06

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