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Characterization and serotype distribution of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans isolated from a population of periodontitis patients in Spain

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Mínguez, María y Pousa, Xiana y Herrera Gonzalez, David y Blasi, Andrea y Sánchez, Mari Carmen y León, Rubén y Sanz Alonso, Mariano (2014) Characterization and serotype distribution of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans isolated from a population of periodontitis patients in Spain. Archives of Oral Biology, 59 (12). pp. 1359-1367. ISSN 0003-9969

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URL Oficial: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/aob



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Objective: There is no study characterizing the variability of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans isolates in periodontitis patients in Spain. It is therefore the aim of this investigation to study the serotype distribution of A. actinomycetemcomitans strains isolated from periodontitis patients in spain. The polymorphism of the genes that codifies the leukotoxin and the operon of the cytolethal-distending toxin (cdt) will also be investigated.
Design.: From a total of 701 patients samples, 40 A. actinomycetemcomitans-positive periodontitis patients were s included in the study (mean age 45.3, 62,5% females) and their clinical periodontal status was assessed. On average, 1-3 isolates from each patient were subcultured and characterized by PCR.
Results: Using culture the prevalence of A. actinomycetemcomitans was 5.7%. The most frequent serotype was "b", being 30 patients infected by a unique serotype, while 7 patients showed co-colonization, mostly with serotypes "a" and "b". From the 79 pure isolates obtained, 24 were from serotype "a", 30 from serotype "b", 12 from serotype "c" and 4 from serotype "d". Further characterization of these samples showed that none of these 79 isolates demonstrated the 530-bp detion in the leukotoxin's promoter region that characterizes the JPs strain. Conversely 65.8% of the isolates were cdt+.
Conclusions: The most commonserotypes were "a" and "b", being serotype "b" the most prevalent in mono-colonization, while serotypes "e" and "f" were not detected.In the majority of samples,operon that codifies the cdt (65.8%) and the genes responsible for the codification of leukotin (100%) were found. None of the isolates were JP2 strains.


Tipo de documento:Artículo
Palabras clave:Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Spain,Serotype, Periodontitis, Polymerase chain reaction
Materias:Ciencias Biomédicas > Odontología > Periodoncia
Código ID:30362
Depositado:26 Ene 2016 09:06
Última Modificación:26 Ene 2016 09:06

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