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The fluorescence detector of the Pierre Auger Observatory

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Arganda, E. y Arqueros Martínez, Fernando y Blanco Ramos, Francisco y García Pinto, Diego y Monasor, M. y Ortiz Ramis, Montserrat y Ros, G. y Rosado Vélez, Jaime y Vázquez Peñas, José Ramón (2010) The fluorescence detector of the Pierre Auger Observatory. Nuclear instruments & methods in physics research. Section A, Accelerators spectrometers detectors and associated equipment, 620 (02-mar). pp. 227-251. ISSN 0168-9002

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URL Oficial: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2010.04.023




Resumen

The Pierre Auger Observatory is a hybrid detector for ultra-high energy cosmic rays. It combines a surface array to measure secondary particles at ground level together with a fluorescence detector to measure the development of air showers in the atmosphere above the array. The fluorescence detector comprises 24 large telescopes specialized for measuring the nitrogen fluorescence caused by charged particles of cosmic ray air showers. In this paper we describe the components of the fluorescence detector including its optical system, the design of the camera, the electronics, and the systems for relative and absolute calibration. We also discuss the operation and the monitoring of the detector. Finally, we evaluate the detector performance and precision of shower reconstructions. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V All rights reserved.


Tipo de documento:Artículo
Información Adicional:

© 2010 Elsevier B.V.
Autoría conjunta: The Pierre Auger Collaboration. Artículo firmado por más de 10 autores.
The successful installation and commissioning of the Pierre Auger Observatory would not have been possible without the strong commitment and effort from the technical and administrative staff in Malargüe.

We are very grateful to the following agencies and organizations for financial support: Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica, Fundación Antorchas, Gobierno De La Provincia de Mendoza, Municipalidad de Malargüe, NDM Holdings and Valle Las Leñas, in gratitude for their continuing cooperation over land access, Argentina; the Australian Research Council; Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq), Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos (FINEP), Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Rio de Janeiro (FAPERJ), Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP), Ministério de Ciência e Tecnologia (MCT), Brazil; AVCR AV0Z10100502 and AV0Z10100522, GAAV KJB300100801 and KJB100100904, GACR 202/06/P006, MSMT-CR LA08016, LC527, 1M06002 and MSM0021620859, Czech Republic; Centre de Calcul IN2P3/CNRS, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Conseil Régional Ile-de-France, Département Physique Nucléaire et Corpusculaire (PNC-IN2P3/CNRS), Département Sciences de l’Univers (SDU-INSU/CNRS), France; Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF), Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG), Finanzministerium Baden-Württemberg, Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft Deutscher Forschungs- zentren (HGF), Ministerium für Wissenschaft und Forschung, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Ministerium für Wissenschaft, Forschung und Kunst, Baden-Wü rttemberg, Germany; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Ministero dell’Istruzione, dell’Università e della Ricerca (MIUR), Italy; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (CONACYT), Mexico; Ministerie van Onderwijs, Cultuur en Wetenschap, Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (NWO), Stichting voor Fundamenteel Onderzoek der Materie (FOM), Netherlands; Ministry of Science and Higher Education, Grant nos. 1 P03 D 014 30, N202 090 31/0623, and PAP/218/2006, Poland; Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, Portugal; Ministry for Higher Education, Science, and Technology, Slovenian Research Agency, Slovenia; Comunidad de Madrid, Consejería de Educación de la Comunidad de Castilla La Mancha, FEDER funds, Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación, Xunta de Galicia, Spain; Science and Technology Facilities Council, UK; Department of Energy, Contract no. DE-AC02-07CH11359, National Science Foundation, Grant no. 0450696, The Grainger Foundation USA; ALFA-EC/HELEN, European Union Sixth Framework Program, Grant no. MEIF-CT-2005-025057, European Union Seventh Framework Program, Grant no. PIEF-GA-2008-220240 and UNESCO.

Palabras clave:Extensive air showers; Atmospheric multiple scattering; Ultra high energy; Cosmic rays; Light; Reconstruction; Simulation; Dependence; Auger,Pierre; Capabilities.
Materias:Ciencias > Física > Física nuclear
Código ID:39326
Depositado:10 Oct 2016 11:39
Última Modificación:10 Oct 2016 11:44

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