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Assessment of genetic diversity of zoonotic Brucella spp. recovered from livestock in Egypt using multiple locus VNTR analysis

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Menshawy, Ahmed M S y Perez Sancho, Marta y Garcia Seco, Teresa y Hosein, Hosein I y García Benzaquén, Nerea y Martínez Alares, Irene y Sayour, Ashraf E y Goyache Goñi, Joaquín y Azzam, Ragab A A y Domínguez Rodríguez, Lucas y Álvarez Sánchez, Julio (2014) Assessment of genetic diversity of zoonotic Brucella spp. recovered from livestock in Egypt using multiple locus VNTR analysis. BioMed research international, 2014 . p. 353876. ISSN 2314-6141

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URL Oficial: http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/353876



Resumen

Brucellosis is endemic in most parts of Egypt, where it is caused mainly by Brucella melitensis biovar 3, and affects cattle and small ruminants in spite of ongoing efforts devoted to its control. Knowledge of the predominant Brucella species/strains circulating in a region is a prerequisite of a brucellosis control strategy. For this reason a study aiming at the evaluation of the phenotypic and genetic heterogeneity of a panel of 17 Brucella spp. isolates recovered from domestic ruminants (cattle, buffalo, sheep, and goat) from four governorates during a period of five years (2002-2007) was carried out using microbiological tests and molecular biology techniques (PCR, MLVA-15, and sequencing). Thirteen strains were identified as B. melitensis biovar 3 while all phenotypic and genetic techniques classified the remaining isolates as B. abortus (n = 2) and B. suis biovar 1 (n = 2). MLVA-15 yielded a high discriminatory power (h = 0.801), indicating a high genetic diversity among the B. melitensis strains circulating among domestic ruminants in Egypt. This is the first report of the isolation of B. suis from cattle in Egypt which, coupled with the finding of B. abortus, suggests a potential role of livestock as reservoirs of several zoonotic Brucella species in the region.


Tipo de documento:Artículo
Materias:Ciencias Biomédicas > Veterinaria
Código ID:39640
Depositado:20 Dic 2016 11:49
Última Modificación:10 Ene 2017 11:36

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