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Unusual striped dolphin mass mortality episode related to cetacean morbillivirus in the Spanish Mediterranean sea

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Rubio Guerri, Consuelo y Melero Asensio, Mar y Esperón, Fernando y Bellière, Edwige Nina y Arbelo, Manuel y Crespo, Jose Luis y Sierra, Eva y García Párraga, Daniel y Sánchez-Vizcaíno, José Manuel (2013) Unusual striped dolphin mass mortality episode related to cetacean morbillivirus in the Spanish Mediterranean sea. BMC veterinary research, 9 . p. 106. ISSN 1746-6148

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URL Oficial: http://bmcvetres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1746-6148-9-106



Resumen

BACKGROUND

In the last 20 years, Cetacean Morbillivirus (CeMV) has been responsible for many die-offs in marine mammals worldwide, as clearly exemplified by the two dolphin morbillivirus (DMV) epizootics of 1990-1992 and 2006-2008, which affected Mediterranean striped dolphins (Stenella coeruleoalba). Between March and April 2011, the number of strandings on the Valencian Community coast (E Spain) increased.

CASE PRESENTATION

Necropsy and sample collection were performed in all stranded animals, with good state of conservation. Subsequently, histopathology, immunohistochemistry, conventional reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Universal Probe Library (UPL) RT-PCR assays were performed to identify Morbillivirus. Gross and microscopic findings compatible with CeMV were found in the majority of analyzed animals. Immunopositivity in the brain and UPL RT-PCR positivity in seven of the nine analyzed animals in at least two tissues confirmed CeMV systemic infection. Phylogenetic analysis, based on sequencing part of the phosphoprotein gene, showed that this isolate is a closely related dolphin morbillivirus (DMV) to that responsible for the 2006-2008 epizootics.

CONCLUSION

The combination of gross and histopathologic findings compatible with DMV with immunopositivity and molecular detection of DMV suggests that this DMV strain could cause this die-off event.


Tipo de documento:Artículo
Palabras clave:Cetacean morbillivirus, Dolphin morbillivirus, Mediterranean sea, Mass mortality, Striped dolphin
Materias:Ciencias Biomédicas > Veterinaria
Código ID:39655
Depositado:21 Dic 2016 09:27
Última Modificación:17 Aug 2017 09:08

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