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Introduction of African Swine Fever into the European Union through Illegal Importation of Pork and Pork Products

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Gubbins, Simon y Costard, Solenne y Jones, Bryony Anne y Martínez López, Beatriz y Mur, Lina y de la Torre, Ana y Martínez, Marta y Sánchez Vizcaíno, Fernando y Sánchez-Vizcaíno, José Manuel y Pfeiffer, Dirk Udo y Wieland, Barbara (2013) Introduction of African Swine Fever into the European Union through Illegal Importation of Pork and Pork Products. PLoS ONE, 8 (4). e61104. ISSN 1932-6203

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URL Oficial: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0061104



Resumen

Transboundary animal diseases can have very severe socio-economic impacts when introduced into new regions. The history of disease incursions into the European Union suggests that initial outbreaks were often initiated by illegal importation of meat and derived products. The European Union would benefit from decision-support tools to evaluate the risk of disease introduction caused by illegal imports in order to inform its surveillance strategy. However, due to the difficulty in quantifying illegal movements of animal products, very few studies of this type have been conducted. Using African swine fever as an example, this work presents a novel risk assessment framework for disease introduction into the European Union through illegal importation of meat and products. It uses a semi-quantitative approach based on factors that likely influence the likelihood of release of contaminated smuggled meat and products, and subsequent exposure of the susceptible population. The results suggest that the European Union is at non-negligible risk of African swine fever.


Tipo de documento:Artículo
Materias:Ciencias Biomédicas > Veterinaria
Código ID:39709
Depositado:21 Dic 2016 09:49
Última Modificación:22 Dic 2016 11:55

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