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Low and high dietary folic acid levels perturb postnatal cerebellar morphology in growing rats

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Partearroyo Cediel, Teresa y Pérez Miguelsanz, Juliana y Peña Melián, Ángel y Maestro de las Casas, Carmen y Úbeda Martín, Natalia y Valera Moreiras, Gregorio (2016) Low and high dietary folic acid levels perturb postnatal cerebellar morphology in growing rats. British journal of nutrition, 115 (11). pp. 1967-1977. ISSN 0007-1145

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URL Oficial: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114516001008




Resumen

The brain is particularly sensitive to folate metabolic disturbances, because methyl groups are critical for brain functions. This study aimed to investigate the effects of different dietary levels of folic acid (FA) on postnatal cerebellar morphology, including the architecture and organisation of the various layers. A total of forty male OFA rats (a Sprague–Dawley strain), 5 weeks old, were classified into the following four dietary groups: FA deficient (0 mg/kg FA); FA supplemented (8 mg/kg FA); FA supra-supplemented (40 mg/kg FA); and control (2 mg/kg FA) (all n 10 per group). Rats were fed ad libitum for 30 d. The cerebellum was quickly removed and processed for histological and immunohistochemical analysis. Slides were immunostained for glial fibrillary acidic protein (to label Bergmann glia), calbindin (to label Purkinje cells) and NeuN (to label post-mitotic neurons). Microscopic analysis revealed two types of defect: partial disappearance of fissures and/or neuronal ectopia, primarily in supra-supplemented animals (incidence of 80 %, P≤0·01), but also in deficient and supplemented groups (incidence of 40 %, P≤0·05), compared with control animals. The primary fissure was predominantly affected, sometimes accompanied by defects in the secondary fissure. Our findings show that growing rats fed an FA-modified diet, including both deficient and supplemented diets, have an increased risk of disturbances in cerebellar corticogenesis. Defects caused by these diets may have functional consequences in later life. The present study is the first to demonstrate that cerebellar morphological defects can arise from deficient, as well as high, FA levels in the diet.


Tipo de documento:Artículo
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© The Authors 2016
© Cambridge University Press
(Submitted 10 July 2015 – Final revision received 7 February 2016 – Accepted 19 February 2016 – First published online 4 April 2016)

Palabras clave:Cerebellum; Cognitive deficits; Corticogenesis; FA folic acid; Folic acid; NTD neural tube defects; Postnatal morphology; Supplementation
Materias:Ciencias Biomédicas > Medicina > Anatomía
Ciencias Biomédicas > Medicina > Neurociencias
Ciencias Biomédicas > Biología > Fisiología animal
Código ID:44371
Depositado:31 Aug 2017 08:10
Última Modificación:04 Sep 2017 11:22

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