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Binocular function changes produced in response to overnight orthokeratology

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Felipe Márquez, Gema y Nombela Palomo, María y Palomo Álvarez, Catalina y Cacho Bobillo, Isabel y Nieto Bona, Amelia (2017) Binocular function changes produced in response to overnight orthokeratology. Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, 255 (1). pp. 179-188. ISSN 0721-832X

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URL Oficial: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00417-016-3554-0




Resumen

Purpose: To analyze the binocular function changes produced on subjects undergoing overnight orthokeratology (OK) treatment over short-term (3 months) and long-term (3 years) wear.
Methods: A prospective, longitudinal study on young adult subjects with low to moderate myopia was carried out. Binocular function was assessed by the following sequence of tests: Distance and near horizontal phoria (Von Graefe technique), distance and near horizontal vergence ranges (Risley rotary prisms), accommodative convergence/accommodation (AC/A) ratio (gradient method) and the near point of convergence (standard push-up technique). The short-term sample consisted of: 21 subjects in the control group, 26 in a corneal refractive therapy (CRT) treatment lenses group and 25 in a Seefree treatment lenses group. Those subjects were evaluated at baseline and at a 3-month follow-up visit. Twenty one subjects were old CRT wearers that attended a 3-year follow-up visit (long-term group).
Results: A statistically significant difference over the 3-month treatment was found for divergence at distance: the break point decreased 1.4 Δ (p = 0.0006) in the CRT group and the recovery point increased 1.2 Δ (p = 0.001) in the Seefree group. Also, the Seefree group had an exophoric trend of 2.3 Δ at near (p = 0.02) and a base-out break decrease of 2.3 Δ (p = 0.03). For the long-term group, only the base-out break point at distant vision showed a statistically significant difference of 4.9 Δ (p = 0.02).
Conclusions: OK induces minimal changes in the binocular function for either short-term or long-term periods, apart from a near exophoric trend over the short-term period.


Tipo de documento:Artículo
Información Adicional:

Received: 19 April 2016 /Revised: 7 August 2016 /Accepted: 7 November 2016 /Published online: 21 November 2016

Palabras clave:Binocular function; Contact lenses; Fusional vergences; Myopia; Orthokeratology; Phoria
Materias:Ciencias Biomédicas > Óptica y optometría > Lentes de contacto
Ciencias Biomédicas > Óptica y optometría > Optometría
Ciencias Biomédicas > Óptica y optometría > Óptica oftálmica
Código ID:44379
Depositado:31 Aug 2017 07:32
Última Modificación:31 Aug 2017 07:32

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