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Immunohistochemical Localization of DARPP-32 in the Brain of Two Lungfishes: Further Assessment of Its Relationship with the Dopaminergic System

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López Redondo, Jesús María and Morona Arribas, Ruth and González Gallegos, Agustín (2017) Immunohistochemical Localization of DARPP-32 in the Brain of Two Lungfishes: Further Assessment of Its Relationship with the Dopaminergic System. Brain, Behavior and Evolution, 90 . pp. 289-310. ISSN 0006-8977

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Abstract

The distribution of DARPP-32 (a phosphoprotein related to the dopamine D1 receptor) has been widely used as a means to clarify the brain regions with dopaminoceptive cells, primarily in representative species of tetrapods. The relationship between dopaminergic and dopaminoceptive elements is frequently analyzed using the catecholamine marker tyrosine hydroxylase (TH). In the present study, by means of combined immunohistochemistry, we have analyzed these relationships in lungfishes, the only group of sarcopterygian fishes represented by 6 extant species that are the phylogenetically closest living relatives of tetrapods. We used the Australian lungfish Neoceratodus forsteri and the African lungfish Protopterus dolloi. The DARPP-32 antibody yields a distinct and consistent pattern of neuronal staining in brain areas that, in general, coincide with areas that are densely innervated by TH-immunoreactive fibers. The striatum, thalamus, optic tectum, and torus semicircularis contain intensely DARPP-32-immunoreactive cell bodies and fibers. Cells are also located in the olfactory bulbs, amygdaloid complex, lateral septum, pallidum, preoptic area, suprachiasmatic nucleus, tuberal hypothalamic region, rostral rhombencephalic reticular formation, superior raphe nucleus, octavolateral area, solitary tract nucleus, and spinal cord. Remarkably, DARPP-32-immunoreactive fibers originating in the striatum reach the region of the dopaminergic cells in the mesencephalic tegmentum and represent a well-established striatonigral pathway in lungfishes. Double immunolabeling reveals that DARPP-32 is present in neurons that most likely receive TH input, but it is absent from the catecholaminergic neurons themselves, with the only exception of a few cells in the suprachiasmatic nucleus of Neoceratodus and the solitary tract nucleus of Protopterus. In addition, some species differences exist in the localization of DARPP-32 cells in the pallium, lateral amygdala, thalamus, prethalamus, and octavolateral area. In general, the present study demonstrates that the distribution pattern of DARPP-32, and its relationship with TH, is largely comparable to those reported for tetrapods, highlighting a shared situation among all sarcopterygians.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:D1 receptor, Catecholamines, Dipnoans, Striatum, Optic tectum, Brain evolution
Subjects:Medical sciences > Biology
Medical sciences > Biology > Cytology
ID Code:46636
Deposited On:27 Feb 2018 15:25
Last Modified:28 Feb 2018 09:36

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