Universidad Complutense de Madrid
E-Prints Complutense

Neuroactive steroid treatment modulates myelin lipid profile indiabetic peripheral neuropathy

Impacto

Descargas

Último año

Mitro, Nico y Cermenati, Gaia y Brioschi, Elizabetta y Abbiati, Federico y Audano, Matteo y Giatti, Silvia y Crestani, Maurizio y De Fabiani, Emma y Azcoitia Elías, Iñigo y García-Segura, Luis Miguel y Caruso, Donatella y Melcangi, Roberto C. (2014) Neuroactive steroid treatment modulates myelin lipid profile indiabetic peripheral neuropathy. Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 143 . pp. 115-121. ISSN 0960-0760, ESSN: 1879-1220

[img] PDF
Restringido a Sólo personal autorizado del repositorio

1MB

URL Oficial: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960076014000442



Resumen

Diabetic peripheral neuropathy causes a decrease in the levels of dihydroprogesterone and 5- androstane-3,17-diol (3-diol) in the peripheral nerves. These two neuroactive steroids exert protective effects, by mechanisms that still remain elusive. We have previously shown that the activation of Liver X Receptors improves the peripheral neuropathic phenotype in diabetic rats. This protective effect is accompanied by the restoration to control values of the levels of dihydroprogesterone and 3-diol in peripheral nerves. In addition, activation of these receptors decreases peripheral myelin abnormalities by improving the lipid desaturation capacity, which is strongly blunted by diabetes, and ultimately restores the myelin lipid profile to non-diabetic values. On this basis, we here investigate whether dihydroprogesterone or 3-diol may exert their protective effects by modulating the myelin lipid profile. We report that both neuroactive steroids act on the lipogenic gene expression profile in the sciatic nerve of diabetic rats, reducing the accumulation of myelin saturated fatty acids and promoting desaturation. These changes were associated with a reduction in myelin structural alterations. These findings provide evidence that dihydroprogesterone and 3-diol are protective agents against diabetic peripheral neuropathy by regulating the de novo lipogenesis pathway, which positively influences myelin lipid profile.


Tipo de documento:Artículo
Palabras clave:Progesterone; Testosterone; Metabolites; Streptozotocin; Peripheral nerve
Materias:Ciencias Biomédicas > Biología > Bioquímica
Ciencias Biomédicas > Biología > Neurociencias
Código ID:47742
Depositado:25 May 2018 11:23
Última Modificación:28 May 2018 07:05

Descargas en el último año

Sólo personal del repositorio: página de control del artículo