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Volatile organo-selenium speciation in biological matter by solid phase microextraction–moderate temperature multicapillary gas chromatography with microwave induced plasma atomic emission spectrometry detection

Dietz, Christian and Sanz Landaluze, Jon and Ximenez Embun, Pilar and Madrid Albarrán, Yolanda and Cámara, Carmen (2004) Volatile organo-selenium speciation in biological matter by solid phase microextraction–moderate temperature multicapillary gas chromatography with microwave induced plasma atomic emission spectrometry detection. Analitica Quimica Acta, 501 . pp. 157-167. ISSN 0003-2670

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Abstract

Microwave induced plasma atomic emission spectrometry (MIP-AES) in combination with multicapillary (MC) gas chromatography could
be proven to be useful for element specific detection of volatile species. Solid phase microextraction (SPME) was used for preconcentration and
sample-matrix separation. The fiber desorption unit as well as the heating control for the MCcolumn were in-house developed and multicapillary
column was operated at moderate temperatures (30–100 ◦C). The method was optimized for organo-selenium species (dimethylselenide
(DMSe), diethylselenide (DEtSe) and dimethyldiselenide (DMDSe)), using a chemometric approach. Stationary phases for the separation
column were optimized using a conventional GC and contrasted with the results obtained with the MC. Application was focussed on selenium
accumulating biological matter, such as lupine, yeast, Indian mustard and garlic. These samples were grown in hydroponic solution containing
inorganic selenium (Na2SeO3 and Na2SeO4). SPME sampling was carried out in fixed volume flow boxes in headspace above the living plants
and in vials using treated samples. Results demonstrate inorganic selenium transformation into volatile organic species during metabolism.
Separation is fast, a chromatogram can be obtained in less than 3 min and detection limits were at sub-ppb level for all investigated species.
The system is independent from the use of a conventional gas chromatographic oven and can be used as a versatile alternative to highly cost
intensive methods such as GC–ICP-MS.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Solid phase microextraction; Microwave induced plasma emission spectroscopy; Organo-selenium compounds; Multicapillary columns; Lupine; Yeast; Indian mustard; Garlic; Chemometrics
Subjects:Sciences > Chemistry > Environmental conditions
Sciences > Chemistry > Analytic chemistry
ID Code:4909
Deposited On:21 Jun 2005
Last Modified:02 Sep 2011 11:43

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