Biblioteca de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid

Metaphor in scientific language: a study on medical texts


Villamil Touriño, Asunción (2004) Metaphor in scientific language: a study on medical texts. In IV International conference Spanish Cognitive Linguistic Association (AELCO / SCOLA), 13-15 May 2004, Zaragoza. (En prensa)

[img] HTML


The object of this paper is to analyse the metaphors in specialised medical language in Spanish, in terms of the theory of metaphor developed by authors such as Lakoff and Johnson. Metaphors have been previously studied in non-specialized medical texts or in patients' explanations of their symptoms. This study focuses on written specialized medical texts aimed at doctors and students of medicine and it also revises some denominations for illnesses. Through these data it will be shown how medical language makes use of metaphorical systems. In a traditional view of metaphor, which associated it with subjectivity, scientific texts like those under analysis were not expected to contain metaphors. But the explanatory and descriptive power of metaphor makes its use relevant in these manuals whose main aim is to classify and explain concepts without room for misinterpretations.

Tipo de documento:Ponencia o Póster de Seminario, Congreso,etc (Artículo)
Palabras clave:Metáfora, Medicina
Materias:Humanidades > Filología > Filología inglesa
Código ID:4981

Barcelona, A. (ed.). 2000. Metaphor and metonymy at the crossroads. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

BOE 1999 (April 27th) nº 100 suplemento. Sentencia 49/1999, de 5 de abril de 1999.

Boquera Matarredona, M. 2000. "La traducción de metáforas en un texto de divulgación médica". IBÉRICA, nº 2, pp. 13-25

Brown, T. 2003. Making truth: metaphor in science. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

Dirven, R. and Verspoor, M. 1998. Cognitive exploration of language and linguistics. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Forceville, C. 1998. Pictorial metaphor in advertising. Londres: Routledge.

Goldbloom, D. S. 2003. "Language and metaphor", Editorial. Canadian Psychiatric Association Bulletin (junio 2003). Toronto, Ontario.

Herrera, H. and White, M. 2000. “Business is war or the language of takeovers”. In F. Ruiz de Mendoza (ed). Panorama Actual de la Lingüística Aplicada. Tomo I: Pragmática y análisis del discurso. Universidad de La Rioja. 231-239.

Keller, E.F. 1995. Refiguring life: metaphors in twentieth century biology. New York: Columbia University Press.

Noguer Molins, L. and Balcells Gorina, A. 1997. Exploración clínica práctica. 24th edition. Barcelona: Editorial científico médica.

Lakoff, G. and Jonson, M. 1986. Metáforas de la vida cotidiana. Madrid: Cátedra.

Lakoff, G. and Johnson, M. 1999. Philosophy in the flesh: the embodied mind and its challenge to western thought. New: Basic Books.

Lience, E. 1982. Patología reumatológica básica. Madrid: Internacional de Ediciones y Publicaciones, S.A. (IDEPSA) Salvat. Serie Medicine.

Rivera, C.M. 2000. "La marca de un reincidente". Magazine Qué Pasa. March 6th. http: //

Reeves, B.J. 2003. "Metaphor in science, technology and medicine". Science and Technology Studies and Humanities. Center for Interdisciplinary Studies. Virginia.

Sontag, S. 1978. Illness as metaphor. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

Sontag, S. 1989. AIDS and its metaphors. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

Teucher, U. 2003. "Metaphor in crisis: the language of suffering". University of British Columbia. http: //

Tompkins, P. and Lawley, J.: “The Mind, Metaphor and Health” (web visited in August 2003)

Waldman S.D. 2003. Atlas de síndromes dolorosos frecuentes. Madrid: Elsevier.

Web Site of the committee for a workers' international. 2003. (This article appears as the editorial in the March edition of Socialism Today, monthly newpaper of the Socialist Party of England and Wales, united to CIT/CWI).

White, M 1997. “The use of metaphor in reporting financial market transactions”. In A. Barcelona Sánchez (ed): Cuadernos de Filología Inglesa vol. 6, nº 2. Murcia. 233-245

Yahoo! Noticias. 2004. Marth 24th , 23:00h.

Zajicek, G. 2004. Professor of Experimental Medicine and Cancer Research. Faculty of Medicine, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Personal web page:

Depositado:22 Sep 2005
Última Modificación:29 Mar 2011 07:31

Sólo personal del repositorio: página de control del artículo