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Genetic analysis of days open in beef cattle

Goyache, F. and Gutiérrez, J. P. and Fernández, I. and Royo, L. J. and Álvarez, I. (2005) Genetic analysis of days open in beef cattle. Livestock Production Science, 93 (3). pp. 283-289. ISSN 0301-6226

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Abstract

The aim of this work was to analyse the genetic parameters affecting days open (DO) in beef cattle to evaluate its potential as criterion of selection. The present study characterises DO as a trait with considerable genetic variability, relative to that usually found for reproduction traits, especially for heifers and second calving cows. The estimates of heritability for the trait ranged from 0.091 for cows with 10 or more calvings to 0.197 for second calving cows. The genetic correlations estimated for DO in different parities are situated between 0.9 and 1, showing that the genes affecting the trait are substantially the same across parities of the dam. A substantial permanent environment (around 9%) seems to affect DO performance. Permanent environmental factors seem to be especially important in younger cows. Genetic correlation between DO and calving interval was positive and very high (1.0), while those between DO and gestation length and calving date were negative from low to moderate (−0.089 and −0.308, respectively). DO can be used in improvement programs of beef cattle as an early indicator of reproductive performance of the cow.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Beef cattle; Asturiana de los Valles; Days open; Fertility; Heritability; Genetic correlation
Subjects:Medical sciences > Veterinary > Cattle
Medical sciences > Biology > Genetics
ID Code:5708
Deposited On:15 Jun 2006
Last Modified:06 Feb 2014 07:45

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