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Relationship between the fractal dimension anisotropy of the spatial faults distribution and the paleostress fields on a Variscan granitic massif (Central Spain): the F-parameter

Pérez López, Raúl and Paredes, Carlos and Muñoz Martín, Alfonso (2005) Relationship between the fractal dimension anisotropy of the spatial faults distribution and the paleostress fields on a Variscan granitic massif (Central Spain): the F-parameter. Journal of Structural Geology, 27 . pp. 663-677. ISSN 0191-8141

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Abstract

The spatial distribution of faults is usually described as a fractal set characterised by the fractal dimension. In this work, we have filtered
fault patterns interpreted from digital elevation models, aerial photographs and field maps, by using structural geological parameters of the
stress ellipsoid (stress tensor direction and stress ratio R0) and age of deformation. From these filtered structural maps, we have obtained the
fractal dimension associated with the fracture patterns developed during Permo-Triassic and Alpine tectonic events on a Variscan granitic
massif located in the Spanish Central System. Oriented fractal dimensions were calculated on several transects crossing the fault-filtered
maps. The fractal dimension (D), calculated by 1-D box-counting, describes an ellipse on a polar plot with the short axis as the minimum
value (DHmin) and the long axis as the maximum value (DHmax) of the fractal dimensions measured. From these analyses, we have defined the
F-parameter as a function of the maximum value, minimum value and vertical value of fractal dimension (Dz), FZ(DzKDHmin)/(DHmaxK
DHmin). Finally we have established, from a local scale analysis, a perpendicular relationship between the principal axes of the ellipse of the
fractal spatial anisotropy of fractures and the principal axes of the stress tensor (sHmax, sHmin and sz) that generates this dynamic pattern of
fractures. Furthermore, the F-parameter and the stress ratio R0 are equivalents and, applied in this area, both show a triaxial extension.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Fractal; Anisotropy; Stress tensor; F-parameter; Spanish Central System
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Geodynamics
ID Code:6215
Deposited On:16 May 2007
Last Modified:06 Feb 2014 07:47

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