Biblioteca de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid

Aspectos esenciales en la transformación de los mercados de trabajo de los Países del Centro y Este de Europa


Alonso Guinea, Fernando (2003) Aspectos esenciales en la transformación de los mercados de trabajo de los Países del Centro y Este de Europa. [ Documentos de Trabajo de la Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales; nº 05, 2003, ISSN: 2255-5471 ]

Vista previa
Creative Commons License
Esta obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - No comercial - Compartir igual.


URL Oficial:


Las prioridades de las políticas aplicables a los mercados de trabajo durante los años de la transición han ido cambiando a medida que lo ha hecho el nivel de desarrollo económico de los países. Las políticas pasivas han jugado un importante papel al comienzo del periodo. El desempleo creció a niveles altos como resultado del inicio de las reformas en las economías en transición. El sistema legal e institucional para la administración del desempleo se fue instaurando y desarrollando. Todos estos esfuerzos se han traducido posteriormente en el desarrollo de políticas activas de empleo que incluyen medidas para apoyar la creación de puestos de trabajo en regiones con elevadas tasas de paro, fomentando el empleo a tiempo parcial o el autoempleo.
También han aparecido problemas de financiación de los nuevos sistemas de pensiones, seguridad social y sanidad que han tenido que ser solventados en la mayoría de las ocasiones con cargo a los presupuestos del Estado para poder cumplir sus objetivos.

Resumen (otros idiomas)

The priorities of labour market policies during the years of transition gave changed with the stages of economic developments. Passive policies played a very important role at the beginning of the period. The unemployment rose at high levels as a result of the start of reforms in the transition economies. The legal and institutional system for unemployment administration were established and developed. All this efforts moved on to the development of the active labour policies, including packages of regional or branch programmes for alternative employment, temporary employment or programs to promote self-employment. Financial problems of the pension systems have been rater tough issues both for the Social Security Fund, minimum wages or old-aged pensions across the state budget as goal of the reforms.

Tipo de documento:Documento de trabajo o Informe técnico
Palabras clave:Reforma Institucional, Mercado de trabajo, Pensiones, Subsidios, Desempleo, Países del Este y Centro de Europa (PECO).
Materias:Ciencias Sociales > Economía > Trabajo
Ciencias Sociales > Economía > Estructura económica
Título de serie o colección:Documentos de Trabajo de la Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales
Código ID:6855

A. Scharle (2000), Self-employment in Hungary, unpublished PhD dissertation.

Adam, J. (1984) Employment and wage policies in Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Hungary since 1950, New York: St. Martin's Press.

Adam, J. (1996) Why did the socialist system collapse in Central and Eastern European countries? the case of Poland, the former Czechoslovakia, and Hungary, Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire, New York: Macmillan Press. St. Martin's Press.

Adam, J. (1999) Social costs of transformation to a market economy in post-socialist countries the cases of Poland, the Czech Republic, and Hungary, New York: St. Martin's Press.

Adam, J. and American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies (1991) Economic reforms and welfare systems in the USSR, Poland, and Hungary social contract in transformation, New York: St. Martin's Press.

Adamchik, V.A. and Bedi, A.S. (2001) Persistence of the gender pay differential in a transition economy, The Hague: Institute of Social Studies.

Albright, M.K. (1983) Poland the role of the press in political change, New York, N.Y: Praeger.

Andor, L. (2000) Hungary on the road to the European Union transition in blue, Westport, Conn: Praeger.

Andorka, R. and NetLibrary, Inc (1999) A society transformed Hungary in time-space perspective, London: Distributed by Plymbridge Distributors, Ltd.

Andrássy, G., Ginever, C.A. and Ginever, I. (1908) The development of Hungarian constitutional liberty, London: K. Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co., Ltd.

Antohi, S. and Tismaneanu, V. (2000) Between past and future the revolutions of 1989 and their aftermath, Budapest, Hungary, New York: Central European University Press.

Ash, T.G. (1999) The Polish revolution Solidarity, New ed edn. London: Penguin.

Åslund, A. and St. Antony's College (1985) Private enterprise in Eastern Europe the non-agricultural private sector in Poland and the GDR, 1945-83, London: Macmillan in association with St Antony's College, Oxford.

Auer, A. and Bützer, M. (2001) Direct democracy the Eastern and Central European experience, Aldershot, Hants, England, Burlington, VT: Ashgate.

Balcerowicz, L. (1995) Socialism, capitalism, transformation, Budapest, London: Central European University Press.

Bateman, M. (1997) Business cultures in Central and Eastern Europe, Oxford: ButterworthHeinemann.

Batt, J. (1988) Economic reform and political change in Eastern Europe a comparison of the Czechoslovak and Hungarian experiences, Basingstoke: Macmillan in association with Centre for Russian and East European Studies. University of Birmingham.

Batt, J. (1991) East central Europe from reform to transformation, London: Pinter.

Batt, J. and Royal Institute of International Affairs (1991) East Central Europe from reform to transformation, London: Royal Institute of International Affairs. Pinter.

Bedi, A.S. and Cieslik, A. (2000) Foreign direct investment and host country regional export performance evidence from Poland, The Hague: Institute of Social Studies.

Bedi, A.S. and Cieslik, A. (2000) Wages and wage growth in Poland the role of foreign direct investment, The Hague: Institute of Social Studies.

Benes, V.L. and Pounds, N.J.G. (1970) Poland, London: Benn.

Bíró, A.-M. and Kovács, P. (2001) Diversity in action local public management of multi-ethnic communities in Central and Eastern Europe, Budapest, Hungary: Local Government and Public Service Reform Initiative, Open Society Institute.

Blunden, G. (1965) Eastern Europe: Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, New York: Time, inc.

Boeri, T (1999), “Optimal speed of transition 10 Years After,” IGIER Working Paper No. 154, 1999.

Bokros, L. and Dethier, J.-J. (1998) Public finance reform during the transition the experience of Hungary, Washington, D.C: World Bank.

Bonin, J. and Székely, I.P. (1994) The development and reform of financial systems in Central and Eastern Europe, Aldershot, Hants, England, Brookfield, Vt., USA: E. Elgar.

Boote, A.R. and Somogyi, J. (1991) Economic reform in Hungary since 1968, Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund.

Brada, J.C. and Dobozi, I., (Eds.) The Hungarian economy in the 1980s reforming the system and adjusting to external shocks. edn. Greenwich, Conn, London: JAI. (1988).

Brada, J.C., Singh, I., World Bank and Policy Research Dept (1999) Corporate governance in Central Eastern Europe case studies of firms in transition, Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe.

Bradley, T. and World Resources Institute (1998) Public finance restructuring for sustainable development in emerging market economies, Washington, D.C: World Resources Institute.

Braun, A. and Barany, Z.D. (1999) Dilemmas of transition the Hungarian experience, Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield.

Braun, K. (1996) A history of Polish theater, 1939-1989 spheres of captivity and freedom, Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

Brine, J.J. (1992) COMECON the rise and fall of an international socialist organization, New Brunswick, N.J: Transaction Publishers.

Burant, S.R., Keefe, E.K., Library of Congress and Federal Research Division (1990) Hungary a country study, 2nd ed edn. Washington, D.C: For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O.

Burns, B. (1996) Hungary, Trowbridge: Flicks Books.

Clarke, R.A. (1989) Hungary the second decade of the economic reform, Harlow: Longman.

Commission of the European Communities (1992) Hungary towards a market economy, Brussel: EF.

Cottarelli, C. (1998) Hungary economic policies for sustainable growth, Washington, D.C: International Monetary Fund.

Cowen Karp, R. and Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (1993) Central and Eastern Europe the challenge of transition, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press. SIPRI.

Cox, T. and Furlong, A. (1995) Hungary: the politics of transition, London, Portland, Or: F. Cass.

Creed, V. (1941) Hungary, New York: Hungarian State Tourist Department.

Czech Statistical Office: Analysis and Updated Prognosis of Macro-economic Development of the Czech Republic in 1996 and 1997, Prague, 1999.

Czech Statistical Office: Employment and Unemployment in the Czech Republic, as measured by the Labour Force Sample Survey, (quarterly) Czech Statistical Office, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999.

Czech Statistical Office: Employment statistics, Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, Bulletin Czech Statistical Office, 1999.

Das Gupta, D., Uzan, M. and Wilson, D. (2001) Capital flows without crisis? reconciling capital mobility and economic stability, London, New York: Routledge.

Dawisha, K. and Parrott, B. (1997) The consolidation of democracy in East-Central Europe, Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

De Fontenay, P. (1982) Hungary an economic survey, Washington, D.C: International Monetary Fund.

De Fontenay, P.B. and International Monetary Fund (1982) Hungary, an economic survey, Washington, D.C: International Monetary Fund.

Dent, B. (1998) Hungary, 2nd ed edn. London, New York: A.C. Black. Norton.

Denton, G.R. (1971) A new economic mechanism?: economic reform in Hungary, London: PEP.

Derks, J., Kalmthout, A.v., Albrecht, H.-J. and Max-Planck-Institut fr Auslñdisches und Internationales Strafrecht (1999) Current and future drug policy studies in Europe problems, prospects and research methods, Freiburg i. Br: Iuscrim, Max-Planck-Institut fr auslñdisches und internationales Strafrecht.

Dietl J., Report on Education and Training in Poland during the Transformation of the Socio-Economic System, OECD Conference on Education and Economy in Central and Eastern Europe, Paris 1992.

Doel, T.v.d. (1994) Central Europe, the new allies? the road from Visegrad to Brussels, Boulder, Colo: Westview Press.

EBRD (2000), Transition Report 2000, London.

Fox, P. (1971) The reformation in Poland some social and economic aspects, Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press.

Guy, W. (2001) Between past and future the Roma of Central and Eastern Europe, Hatfield: University of Hertfordshire Press.

H. Farber (1997), “Job creation in the United States: Good jobs or bad?” Industrial Relations Section Working Paper 385, July, Princeton University.

H. Lehmann and J. Wadsworth (1999), “Tenures that shook the world: worker turnover in Russia, Poland and Britain”, IZA Discussion Paper, No. 90.

Hare, P.G., Radice, H.K. and Swain, N. (1981) Hungary a decade of economic reform, London, Boston: Allen & Unwin.

Heinrich, H.-G. (1986) Hungary politics, economics, and society, Boulder, Colo: L. Rienner Publishers.

Held, J. (1993) Democracy and right-wing politics in Eastern Europe in the 1990s, Boulder, New York: East European Monographs. Distributed by Columbia University Press.

Hermann, A. and Komlósi, S. (1972) Early child care in Hungary, London, New York: Gordon and Breach.

Higley, J. and Lengyel, G. (2000) Elites after state socialism theories and analysis, Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield.

Hollis, W. (1999) Democratic consolidation in Eastern Europe the influence of the Communist legacy in Hungary, the Czech Republic, and Romania, Boulder Colo., New York: East European Monographs. Distributed by Columbia University Press.

Horváth, Á. and Szakolczai, Á. (1992) The dissolution of communist power the case of Hungary, London, New York: Routledge.

Hughes, G. and Bucknall, J. (2000) Poland complying with EU Environmental Legislation, Washington, DC: World Bank.

Ignotus, P. (1972) Hungary, London: Benn.

IMF: (1995) Hungary recent economic developments and background issues, Washington: International Monetary Fund.

Information on the Implementation and Financing of Infrastructural Investment Subsidized from the State Budget Reserve for 1998, MPiPS, Warsaw 1999.

Ingham, M., Ingham, H. and Doma nski, H. (2001) Women on the Polish labor market, Budapest, Hungary, New York: Central European University Press.

J. Earle and Z. Sakova (2000), “Entrepreneurship from scratch: lessons on the entry decision into selfemployment from transition economies”, IZA Discussion Paper, No. 79.

Jazdzewski, K. (1965) Poland, New York: Praeger.

Johnston, G. (2000) Hungary, Ashgate.

K. Sabrianova (2000), “The great human capital reallocation: an empirical analysis of occupational mobility in transitional Russia”, William Davidson Institute, mimeo.

Kabdebo, T. (1980) Hungary, Oxford: Clio Press.

Kami nski, B., Riboud, M. and NetLibrary, Inc (2000) Foreign investment and restructuring the evidence from Hungary, Washington, D.C: World Bank.

Kaminski, B. and Smarzynska, B.K. (2001) Foreign direct investment and integration into global production and distribution networks the case of Poland, Washington, D.C: World Bank.

Keefe, E.K., American University (Washington, D.C.) and Foreign Area Studies (1973) Area handbook for Hungary, 1st ed edn. Washington: For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O.

Kessides, I.N. (2000) Hungary a regulatory and structural review of selected infrastructure sectors, Washington, D.C: World Bank.

Kopanyi, M. (2000) Hungary modernizing the subnational government system, Washington, DC: World Bank.

Kornai, J. (1990) The road to a free economy shifting from a socialist system : the example of Hungary, New York, N.Y, London: W.W. Norton.

Kósa, L. and Soós, I. (1999) Magyarságtudomány kézikönyve: A companion to Hungarian studies, Partly revised and enlarged version edn. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó.

Kovrig, B. (1979) Communism in Hungary from Kun to Kadar, Stanford, Calif: Hoover Institution Press.

M. Gavin (1996), "Unemployment and the economics of gradualist policy reform", Journal of Policy Reform, 1(3), pp. 239-258.

Michta, A.A. (1999) America's new allies Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic in NATO, Seattle, London: University of Washington Press.

Michta, A.A. (1999) America's new allies Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic in NATO, Seattle, London: University of Washington Press.

National Employment Service (1999), Monitoring and Evaluation of Programmes and Measures at the Labour Market.

National Programme for Rural Area Development in Poland, Warsaw 1999.

National Statistics Office: Basic Information on Demographic Development in Poland, NSO, Warsaw 1999.

NSO: Foreign Trade Statistical Annual, NSO, Warsaw 1998.

OCDE: OECD economic surveys, Paris: OECD.

OECD: Alternative Approaches to Financing Life Long Learning, Czech background study for OECD, National Training Fund 1999.

OIT: Informe regional sobre Europa central y oriental: Social Security pensions; Development and reform.. Ginebra, OIT, 2000.

P. Aghion and O. Blanchard (1994), “On the speed of transition in Central Europe”, National Bureau for Economic Research Macroeconomic Annual, pp. 283-320.

Poverty and Fragmentation of Bulgarian Society. The Role of the non-governmental organisations for Stimulation of the Social Integration(1996) Reports from the national conference, Sofia.

Saxonberg, S. (2001) The fall a comparative study of the end of communism in Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, and Poland, Amsterdam: Harwood Academic.

Seton-Watson, R.W. (1911) Corruption and reform in Hungary a study of electoral practice, London: Constable & Co., Ltd.

Surdej, A. (2000) Small- and medium-sized enterprise development in Poland after 1990, Helsinki: UNU, World Institute for Development Economics Research.

Swain, N. (1985) Collective farms which work?, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

UNDP (1999) National Human Development Report. Bulgaria, Vol. I - II.

UNDP, ILO (1998) The Poverty in Transition. Strengthening the National Policies and Strategies for Poverty Alleviation.

UNDP, ILO (1998) Women in Poverty, An assessment of the Bulgarian anti-poverty policies and strategies.

UNICEF (1997) Education for All, Regional monitoring report N°4, ICDC, Florence, Italy.

UNICEF (1998) Women in Poverty, Regional monitoring report N°5, ICDC.

Valiani, L. (1973) The end of Austria-Hungary, London: Secker and Warburg.

World Bank (1999) Bulgaria: Poverty During the Transition.

World Bank (2000), Making transition work for everyone: Poverty and Inequality in Europe and Central Asia, The World Bank, Washington, D.C.

World Bank (2001) Poland's labor market the challenge of job creation, Washington, D.C: World Bank.

Depositado:30 Nov 2007
Última Modificación:26 Oct 2015 13:32

Sólo personal del repositorio: página de control del artículo