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Infrared spectroscopy study on the conformational changes leading to pore formation of the toxin Sticholysin II

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Alegre Cebollada, Jorge y Martínez del Pozo, Álvaro y Gavilanes, José G. y Goormaghtigh, Erik (2007) Infrared spectroscopy study on the conformational changes leading to pore formation of the toxin Sticholysin II. Biophysical Journal, 93 (9). pp. 3191-3201. ISSN 1542-0086

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URL Oficial: http://www.biophysj.org/cgi/content/abstract/93/9/3191



Resumen

The structure of the actinoporin sticholysin II (StnII) in the pore state was investigated by Fourier transform infrared
spectroscopy in the attenuated total reflection configuration. 1-Palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine/cholesterol unilamellar
vesicles were employed. The a-helix content increases in;30% upon lipid binding, which agrees with an extension of eight
or nine residues at the N-terminal helix. Furthermore, analyses of dichroic spectra show that the extended N-terminal helix would
have a 31º tilt with respect to the membrane normal. The orientation of the central beta-sandwich was also estimated. In addition, it was
detected that StnII alters the orientation of the lipid acyl chains. 1H/2Hexchange experiments sustain a mainly superficial interaction
between StnII and the membrane, with no protection of the beta-sandwich. The implications of the results in the mechanism of pore
formation are discussed.


Tipo de documento:Artículo
Palabras clave:Sea anemone, Actinoporin, Toxin, Infrared
Materias:Ciencias > Química > Bioquímica
Código ID:7616
Depositado:08 Feb 2008
Última Modificación:06 Feb 2014 07:54

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