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Anger and Associated Experiences of Sadness, Fear, Valence, Arousal, and Dominance Evoked by Visual Scenes

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Javela, José Julián y Mercadillo, Roberto y Ramirez, J. Martin (2008) Anger and Associated Experiences of Sadness, Fear, Valence, Arousal, and Dominance Evoked by Visual Scenes. Psychological Reports, 103 . pp. 665-681.

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Resumen

Anger is a basic emotion experienced in several aversive situations. In this study, the relation between Anger, Fear, and Sadness, as well as the dimensions of
Valence, Arousal, and Dominance, were examined. It was hypothesized that pictures showing an Intention to Harm would evoke not only Anger, but also Fear and Sadness,
and that this would be correlated with low Valence, high Arousal, and high Dominance. To this end, 45 healthy volunteers (25 women and 20 men; M age=272 yr" SD = 9.5) recorded appraisals for each of these emotional experience while viewing 120 pictures selected from the International Affective Picture System, Data were analyzed with a linear mixed model and a hierarchical classes approach to identify differences and corrclations between emotional categories. Results indicate that those pictures showing Intention to Harm generate higher Anger and Fear, while pictures representing Frustration of Goals leads to higher Sadness. In addition, high Anger, Fear, and Sadness are associated with low Valence, moderate Arousal, and high Dominance.
These findings suggest that the experience of Anger requires the inference of the other' s mental and physical state and need the regulation of cognitive and affective
systems acting together. The study of this emotion should consider both categorical and dimensional approaches in order to define its coherent features.


Tipo de documento:Artículo
Información Adicional:

© Psychological Reports 2008

Materias:Ciencias Biomédicas > Psicología > Emoción y agresividad
Código ID:8408
Depositado:11 Feb 2010 12:16
Última Modificación:18 Feb 2010 09:15

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