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Accessibility and Industrial Location: evidence from Spain

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Arauzo Carod, Josep María and Alañón Pardo, Ángel (2009) Accessibility and Industrial Location: evidence from Spain. [ Documentos de Trabajo de la Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales; nº 01, 2009, ISSN: 2255-5471 ]

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Abstract

Este artículo trata de las decisiones de localización de las empresas manufactureras en España. Se analiza como las economías de aglomeración y, especialmente, la accesibilidad a la red de transporte afectan a las decisiones de localización. Durante la década de los 90 hubo en España un intenso programa de construcción de carreteras de alta capacidad que mejoró sustancialmente la accesibilidad de los municipios. El análisis de las decisiones de localización de las empresas se realiza a escala municipal y para tres ramas manufactureras. Las principales contribuciones empíricas de este artículo son las técnicas econométricas utilizadas (modelos econométricos espaciales) y algunas de las variables explicativas empleadas (valor añadido municipal, accesibilidad a la red de carreteras de alta capacidad, y las características de las empresas de los municipios vecinos). Los resultados muestran que las economías de aglomeración, al igual que las mejoras de accesibilidad, son importantes en el proceso de toma de decisiones de localización.

Resumen (otros idiomas)

This paper deals with location decisions of manufacturing firms in Spain. We analyse how agglomeration economies and, especially, transport accessibility influence location decisions of firms. During the 1990s there was an intense programme of high capacity road construction which improved accessibility to municipalities. We analyse the location decisions of firms at municipality level and in three industries. The main empirical contributions of this paper are the econometric techniques used (spatial econometrics models) and some of the explanatory variables (local added value, road accessibility, and the characteristics of firms in neighbouring municipalities). The results show that agglomeration economies (including road network improvements) are important in industrial location decision-making.

Item Type:Working Paper or Technical Report
Uncontrolled Keywords:Accesibilidad, Localización industrial, Estadística espacial y econometría espacial.
Palabras clave (otros idiomas):Accessibility, Industrial location, Spatial statistics and spatial econometrics.
Subjects:Social sciences > Economics > Econometrics
Social sciences > Economics > Industrial organization
Series Name:Documentos de Trabajo de la Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales
Volume:2009
Number:01
ID Code:8471
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Deposited On:02 Feb 2009 09:45
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