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ADP-ribosyltransferases: plastic tools for inactivating protein and small molecular weight targets

Koch-Nolte, Friedrich and Reche, Pedro A and Haag, Friedrich and Bazan, Fernando (2001) ADP-ribosyltransferases: plastic tools for inactivating protein and small molecular weight targets. Journal of Biotechnology, 92 (2). pp. 81-7. ISSN 1873-4863

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Abstract

ADP-ribosyltransferases (ADPRTs) form an interesting class of enzymes with well-established roles as potent bacterial toxins and metabolic regulators. ADPRTs catalyze the transfer of the ADP-ribose moiety from NAD(+) onto specific substrates including proteins. ADP-ribosylation usually inactivates the function of the target. ADPRTs have become adapted to function in extra- and intracellular settings. Regulation of ADPRT activity can be mediated by ligand binding to associated regulatory domains, proteolytic cleavage, disulphide bond reduction, and association with other proteins. Crystallisation has revealed a conserved core set of elements that define an unusual minimal scaffold of the catalytic domain with remarkably plastic sequence requirements--only a single glutamic acid residue critical to catalytic activity is invariant. These inherent properties of ADPRTs suggest that the ADPRT catalytic fold is an attractive, malleable subject for protein design.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:ADP-ribosylation; Bacterial toxins; Amino acid sequence alignment; Sequence homology; Structure prediction; Protein design
Subjects:Medical sciences > Biology > Evolution
Sciences > Computer science > Bioinformatics
Medical sciences > Biology > Molecular biology
ID Code:9343
Deposited On:17 Aug 2009 08:54
Last Modified:03 Sep 2010 10:32

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